Medieval and Modern Greek
To speakers of modern Greek the Homeric poems of the 7th century BC are not written in a foreign language. The Greek language has enjoyed a continuous tradition from earliest times until now. This book traces its history from the immediately post-classical or Hellenistic period to the present day. The aim is both to analyse the changing structure of a language stabilised by a peculiarly long and continuous literary tradition, and to show how changing historical circumstances are reflected in its development. In particular the historical roots of modern Greek's internal bilingualism are traced.
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Greek in the Hellenistic world and the Roman empire
The Greek language in the early middle ages 6th century1100
The Greek language in the later middle ages 11001453
Greek in the Turkish period
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adapted ancient aorist appear Arab areas Asia Minor Attic became become beginning borrowings Byzantine century changes Chronicle cities classical common common demotic compound continuous Cretan demotic dialects discussion distinction earlier early elements empire evidence Examples existed expression extensive final forms French frequent future give Greece Greek dialects important indicative infinitive influence interesting islands Italian Italy katharevousa Koine largely late later Latin learned less linguistic literary literary language literature living loan-words meaning medieval middle ages modern Greek morphology nouns occur origin participle particular patterns perfect period person phonology plural poems present preserved probably purist recent regions remained replaced result Romance side by side speakers speech spoken Greek spoken language stems structure subjunctive substantives suffixes texts theme third tongue tradition Turkish verbal verbs vernacular vocabulary vowel writing written