Treatise on Geophysics, Volume 7: Mantle Dynamics
Elsevier, May 17, 2010 - Science - 7000 pages
Treatise on Geophysics: Mantle Dynamics, Volume 7 aims to provide both a classical and state-of-the-art introduction to the methods and science of mantle dynamics, as well as survey leading order problems (both solved and unsolved) and current understanding of how the mantle works. It is organized around two themes: (1) how is mantle convection studied; and (2) what do we understand about mantle dynamics to date. The first four chapters are thus concerned with pedagogical reviews of the physics of mantle convection; laboratory studies of the fluid dynamics of convection relevant to the mantle; theoretical analysis of mantle dynamics; and numerical analysis and methods of mantle convection. The subsequent chapters concentrate on leading issues of mantle convection itself, which include the energy budget of the mantle; the upper mantle and lithosphere in and near the spreading center (mid-ocean ridge) environment; the dynamics of subducting slabs; hot spots, melting anomalies, and mantle plumes; and finally, geochemical mantle dynamics and mixing.
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Chapter 7 The Dynamics and Convective Evolution of the Upper Mantle
Constraints from Seismology Geoid Topography Geochemistry and Petrology
Chapter 9 Hot Spots and Melting Anomalies
Chapter 10 Mantle Geochemical Geodynamics
anomalies basalts beneath Bercovici boundary conditions boundary layer buoyancy chemical Christensen component composition continental cooling crustal Davaille deformation density depth diffusion Earth and Planetary Earth’s mantle energy entrainment equation evolution Figure flood basalts Fluid Mechanics geochemical Geochemistry geoid Geophysical Journal International Geophysical Research Letters global gravity Gurnis Hager heat flow heat flux heat loss heat production heterogeneity hot spots instability interface isotope Jaupart Journal of Fluid Journal of Geophysical Keken laboratory Large Igneous Provinces lithosphere lower mantle magma mantle convection mantle flow mantle plumes melting method mid-ocean ridge MORB observed oceanic crust Olson phase Physics Planetary Interiors Planetary Science Letters plate motion plate tectonics ratio Rayleigh number rheology Ricard scale seafloor seismic shear solution Stokes flow stress studies subducting slabs subduction zones surface Tackley temperature thermal convection thickness tion topography transition zone Turcotte upper mantle upwelling variable variations velocity viscosity volcanism Yuen Zhong