Secrets of Women: Gender, Generation, and the Origins of Human Dissection

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Zone Books, 2006 - Medical - 419 pages
3 Reviews

Toward the end of the Middle Ages, medical writers and philosophers began to devote increasing attention to what they called "women's secrets," by which they meant female sexuality and generation. At the same time, Italian physicians and surgeons began to open human bodies in order to study their functions and the illnesses that afflicted them, culminating in the great illustrated anatomical treatise of Andreas Vesalius in 1543. Katharine Park traces these two closely related developments through a series of case studies of women whose bodies were dissected after their deaths: an abbess, a lactating virgin, several patrician wives and mothers, and an executed criminal. Drawing on a variety of texts and images, she explores the history of women's bodies in Italy between the late thirteenth and the mid-sixteenth centuries in the context of family identity, religious observance, and women's health care.Secrets of Women explodes the myth that medieval religious prohibitions hindered the practice of human dissection in medieval and Renaissance Italy, arguing that female bodies, real and imagined, played a central role in the history of anatomy during that time. The opened corpses of holy women revealed sacred objects, while the opened corpses of wives and mothers yielded crucial information about where babies came from and about the forces that shaped their vulnerable flesh. In the process, what male writers knew as the "secrets of women" came to symbolize the most difficult challenges posed by human bodies-- challenges that dissection promised to overcome. Park's study of women's bodies and men's attempts to know them--and through these efforts to know their own--demonstrates the centrality of gender to the development of early modern anatomy.

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Review: Secrets of Women: Gender, Generation, and the Origins of Human Dissection

User Review  - Emily Brown - Goodreads

I haven't been this interested in a nonfiction book in a long time! I enjoyed every part of it. After having read many books about dissection in past times, I thought there would never be a new angle ... Read full review

Review: Secrets of Women: Gender, Generation, and the Origins of Human Dissection

User Review  - Ruth - Goodreads

Incredible story about the canonization of dissection in 14th and 15th c. Italy as the preeminent way to know our bodies, and how these practices relate to women's bodies, perceived as "allusive and ... Read full review


Holy Anatomies
Secrets of Women

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About the author (2006)

Katharine Park's book Wonders and the Order of Nature, 1150-1750 (Zone Books, 1998), coauthored with Lorraine Daston, won the Pfizer Prize for the best book in the history of science. She is Zemurray Stone Radcliffe Professor of the History of Science at Harvard University.

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