Feeding the German Eagle: Soviet Economic Aid to Nazi Germany, 1933-1941

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 1999 - History - 265 pages

The dramatic story of Hitler and Stalin's marriage of convenience has been recounted frequently over the past 60 years, but with remarkably little consensus. As the first English-language study to analyze the development, extent, and importance of the Nazi-Soviet economic relationship from Hitler's ascension to power to the launching of Operation Barbarossa in June 1941, this book highlights the crucial role that Soviet economic aid played in Germany's early successes in World War II. When Hitler's rearmament efforts left Germany dangerously short of raw materials in 1939, Stalin was able to offer valuable supplies of oil, manganese, grain, and rubber. In exchange, the Soviet Union would gain territory and obtain the technology and equipment necessary for its own rearmament efforts.

However, by the summer of 1941, Stalin's well-calculated plan had gone awry. Germany's continuing reliance on Soviet raw materials would, Stalin hoped, convince Hitler that he could not afford to invade the USSR. As a result, the Soviets continued to supply the Reich with the resources that would later carry the Wehrmacht to the gates of Moscow and nearly cost the Soviets the war. The extensive use in this study of neglected source material in the German archives helps resolve the long-standing debate over whether Stalin's foreign policy was one of expansionism or appeasement.

 

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Contents

NOTES
106
GAS AND GRAIN FOR COAL AND CRUISERS
109
GÖRING THE GOBETWEEN MARCH 29
111
OUR FRIEND MOLOTOV? APRIL 9
113
WAR IN THE WEST MAY 10
114
FINAL CONTRACTS MAY 28
117
NOTES
118
DELIVERING THE GOODS
123

THE PURGES MARCH 1 1938
26
SCHULENBURGS PLAN DECEMBER 19 1938
28
SCHNURRES ABORTED VISIT JANUARY 28 1939
31
SCHULENBURG IN MOSCOW MARCH 11 1939
34
NOTES
36
TALKING ABOUT TALKING
41
MOLOTOVS MAYBE MAY 20
43
MORE SOUNDINGS JUNE 17
46
TALKS REOPENED JULY 21
47
NOTES
50
RESTORED ECONOMIC PARTNERSHIP
53
ECONOMIC END GAME AUGUST 12
55
THE FINAL GOAHEAD AUGUST 19
56
NOTES
58
TOWARD AN ECONOMIC ALLIANCE
61
WAR BEGINS SEPTEMBER 1
63
DIVIDING POLAND SEPTEMBER 17
65
COLLUSION IN THE KREMLIN SEPTEMBER 28
69
NOTES
72
THE GERMAN PLAN
77
THE SOVIET SLOW AND STEADY OCTOBER 22
79
RITTER RETURNS OCTOBER 26
81
NOTES
82
THE SOVIET PLAN
85
THE SOVIET OFFER NOVEMBER 30
88
THE DELEGATES DEPART DECEMBER 13
90
NOTES
93
THE FINAL PLAN PART I
97
SECOND MOSCOW ECONOMIC SUMMIT JANUARY 29 1940
100
THIRD MOSCOW ECONOMIC SUMMIT FEBRUARY 8
103
SIGNING ON THE DOTTED LINE FEBRUARY 11
104
BESSARABIA AND BUKOVINA JUNE 28
125
HITLER TURNS EAST JULY 21
126
STALIN TURNS WEST AUGUST 6
128
NOTES
129
NEW PROBLEMS ADDRESSED
133
RIDING THE RAILS OCTOBER 1
135
ONCE MORE INTO THE BREECH OCTOBER 28
137
NOTES
139
THE FINAL PLAN PART II
143
TARIFFS AND TOLLS DECEMBER 1
145
SOVIETS DEMAND SIMULTANEOUS SETTLEMENT DECEMBER 22
149
SIGN HERE AND HERE AND SO ON JANUARY 10 1941
150
NOTES
153
GRAIN FOR GUNS
159
THE EASTERN CONNECTION MARCH 18
161
YUGOSLAVIA APRIL 6
163
NOTES
165
GERMANY BITES THE HAND THAT FED IT
169
CAUTIOUS APPEASEMENT MAY 10
170
THE LAST SHIPMENTS JUNE 22
171
COUNTING THE COSTS 194144
173
NOTES
175
CONCLUSION
179
NOTES
183
TABLES
185
NOTES
222
GERMANSOVIET ECONOMIC TREATIES
227
BIBLIOGRAPHY
241
INDEX
255
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About the author (1999)

EDWARD E. ERICSON III is Chairman of the Department of History at John Brown University in Siloam Springs, Arkansas./e He has published articles and reviews in a variety of historical and general journals.

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