Turkish Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science

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G. Irzik, Güven Güzeldere
Springer Science & Business Media, Jul 19, 2005 - Science - 308 pages
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As an academic discipline, the philosophy and history of science in Turkey was marked by two historical events: Hans Reichenbach's immigrating to Turkey and taking a post between 1933 and 1938 at Istanbul University prior to his tenure at UCLA, and Aydin Sayili's establishing a chair in the history of science in 1952 after having become the first student to receive a Ph.D. under George Sarton at Harvard University. Since then, both disciplines have flourished in Turkey.

The present book, which contains seventeen newly commissioned articles, aims to give a rich overview of the current state of research by Turkish philosophers and historians of science. Topics covered address issues in methodology, causation, and reduction, and include philosophy of logic and physics, philosophy of psychology and language, and Ottoman science studies. The book also contains an unpublished interview with Maria Reichenbach, Hans Reichenbach's wife, which sheds new light on Reichenbach's academic and personal life in Istanbul and at UCLA.

This volume is primarily intended for researchers in the philosophy and history of science. However, it should also be valuable to other philosophers working in fields such as epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of mind, and philosophy of language, as well as to physicists, cognitive scientists and linguists interested in philosophical issues.

 

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Contents

Introductory Remarks
1
An Interview with Maria Reichenbach and David Kaplan
7
PHILOSOPHY OF FORMAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES
25
Demarcation of the Logical Constants and Logical Truth in Terms of Analyticity
27
General Theory of Relativity and the 5th Test
39
Implications of the Geometry of Quantum Mechanical Perfect Correlation Functions Concerning Bells Theorem without Inequalities
59
EPISTEMOLOGICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES IN SCIENCE
69
Quines Robust Relativism
71
Discovery and Inostensible De Re Knowledge
153
Implications of the Semantics and Pragmatics Distinction for Philosophy of Science
163
Computation and Functionalism Syntactic Theory of Mind Revisited
177
CAUSES AND ACTION
205
Causation Parts and Properties
207
Casual Relations in Hume
217
How Causes can Rationalize BeliefDesire Explanations of Action
231
OTTOMAN SCIENCE STUDIES
249

Confirmation of Theoretical Hypotheses Bootstrapping with a Bayesian Face
87
Idealizations and Approximations in Science and the Bayesian Theory of Confirmation
103
Repeated Independent Discovery and Objective Evidence in Science An Example from Geology
113
A Study on the Heuristic of Saccheris Euclides
137
PHILOSOPHY OF LANGUAGE AND MIND
151
Ottoman Science StudiesA Review
251
Institutionalisation of Science in the Medreses of preOttoman and Ottoman Turkey
265
Late Ottoman and Early Republican Science Periodicals Center and Periphery Relationship in Dissemination of Knowledge
285
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