REPORT ON THE SETTLEMENT OF THE KOHAT DISTRICT IN THE PANJAB

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Contents

The garrison
10
Its climate u 26 Road to Peshawar 27 Road to Khushalgarh Bridge of boats over the Indus H 28 Road to Hangu and Thai
12
Hangu nalah Miranzai southern range 53
13
Country below Hangu Town of Hangu
14
Irrigation from the Kohat toi
15
Gumbat Divisions of the Akora country The Khwarrn and Nilab valley
16
The Zira tappa
17
The Patiala tappa
18
The Bannu road
19
Valleys north of the Teri toi 44 Character of the country north of the Teri toi The northern salt ranges 45 The LachiMalgin valley
21
Chauntra Kafirkot The northern Lawaghar range
22
Its watersupply The LandKainar Thai
23
Shakardarra
24
Absence of village roads
25
Geology of the District 57 Limestone formation in north of district
26
Drainage lines of the district
27
Main line of watershed
28
Trees and shrubs
29
Fruit trees
30
Gamebirds
31
Metals and Minerals
32
Its capricious character
33
Historical
35
History under Moghal and Durani rule
36
Mr Elphinstones visit in A D 1809
37
History during Sikh rule
38
Second Sikh War Annexation of the Punjab
39
Their settlement in this district
40
Settlement of the Baizais at Kohat
41
The Gar and Samil factions
42
Government of the tribe Its chiefs
43
The Niazi tribe
44
Origin of the Khattaks
45
The Sagri and Bhangi Khel Khattaks
46
Officers employed in the district in the years following annexation
47
State of the district
48
The Khushalgarh road and the Jawakis
49
Troops at Narri
50
Reconstruction of the Kohat fort
51
Kabul Khel expedition A D 1852
52
lit History of the Akora tappas
54
The Mutiny
55
Kabul Khel Waziris
56
Demonstration against them in A D 1874 Disturbances in Tirah Commencement of the Settlement
57
The Afghan War Zaimusht expedition A U 1871
59
Raid against the Waziris A D 1880
60
Part IIIThe People
62
Classified according to trades and professions
63
Religions
64
Shiah villages Saiads
65
Population according to tribe3
66
Afridis
67
Orakzais Zaimushts c
68
Physique and Character 143 Physical characteristics
69
Khattaks
70
Transborder tribes
71
Dress of Hindus
72
Interior arrangement of houses
73
Amusements
74
Sport hawking c
75
Custom of selling wives
76
Kohat pass troubles A D 187577 57
77
Employments of women
80
to 173 Arrangements for betrothal and marriage Marriage ceremonies
81
Restrictions on marriages
82
Circumcision
83
Use op tobacco drugs and spirits
84
Tenures
85
The vesh system
86
The ordinary form of tenure
87
Character of the proprietary body Tendency of the tenure
88
Awan Niazi and Khattak tracts
89
Statement showing village tenures classified
90
Tenants paying rents in kind or Nimkarawals Farmlabourers and Charikars
92
Boundaries in waste lands
93
Right of cutting fuel
94
Breaking up the common waste for cultivation
95
Government rakh lands
96
The Khwarra and Zira Jungles 207 Arrangements made in 1854 Revised arrangements in 185 7
97
Tax on other cattle Tax on firewood charcoal and grass Residents pay half rates
98
Net income from these rakhs
99
Villages exempted from the rakh rules Provisions entered in the Settlement records re rights of Government and zemindars in the waste
100
Ghulam Mohamed Khan Rais of Mokhad
114
Afzal Khan Khattak of Jamal Garhi
115
Biland Khan of Khushalgarh
116
Ghulam Haidar Khan Kyani of Shahpur
117
The Saiads of Shahu Khel
118
AGRICULTURAL AND MISCELLANEOUS Method of Agriculture 252 Principal crops
120
Ploughing
121
Barley
122
Seasons for sowing it
123
Manner of sowing
124
Gram
125
Statement showing number of cattle for whole district
126
Manufactures and Handicrafts 271 Carpenters and masons
127
Dry measures
128
Administrative
130
Border administration Kohat Board of Magistrates
131
Crime in the district
132
Income and Expenditure of the District
133
Police Arrangements after annexation
134
Police stations
135
Jawaki disturbances A D 187778 58
136
292 Bangash and Daulatzai chaukidars at the Kotal
138
No system of pass responsibility
139
Village roads with distances
141
Telegraph Lines
143
Postal Arrangements
144
Boat trade on the Indus
145
Excise
146
Schools
147
Rates of duty charged Proposed increase of rates from 1st July 1883 Disused mines
148
The other mines
149
Salt preventive establishment
150
Income from these mines
151
The trading season
152
Part VEILLand Revenue
153
In Hangu tahsil
154
Classification of soils
155
Fiscal history
156
Summary Settlement revenue and revenue of 187677 compared
157
Revenue of Shakardarra Nilab Zira and Patialasince the Summary Settlement
159
No statistics of former Settlements for comparison
160
How prepared
162
Statistics of produce
163
Gross produce of food crops compared with expenditure
164
Orders of Government regarding principles of assessment
165
Owners share of produce
166
Kamins dues
168
Assessment rates how obtained
170
Reasons for assuming relativ e value of the different classes of irri gated land
174
Revenue rates arrived at
175
Opinions of Commissioner and Financial Commissioner on Settle ment Officers proposals
176
Results of the Settlement exclnding tappas under Summary Settlement Upper Miranzai
177
General results of the Settlement inclnding Tappas Under Summary Settlement
178
Cesses formerly taken
180
Mirab cess
181
Assessment of Water Mills I82 359 Goldwashings 05 the Indus
183
Revenue Arrangements in the Teri Tah3il 360 Revenue realized previous to annexation and the Government demand since annexation
184
In the Teri tappa
186
In the Barak tappa
187
Proposed Settlement of the Barak tappa General remarks on the present revenue arrangements of this tappa
188
Estimate of the Nawabs present revenue from the Barak tappa
189
General resources of the tappa
190
Abstract statement of revenue and population of the whole Teri tahsil
191
Statement showing principal jagirs
192
Mir Ahmed Khel
193
Mafi registers submitted Those on which orders have been re ceived Instructions re mafi inquiries
194
V Mafis attached to shrines and mosques
195
New mafis and inams
196
Mafis of mill revenue
197
The Settlement
198
Subordinate Settlement staff
199
Summary Settlement of Upper Miranzai
200
Assessment Report submitted Completion of the Settlement re gisters and reports on which orders have not yet been received
201
Reduction of establishment
202
Alluvion and diluvion
204
Nominal statement of original case work
205
Classified abstract return of judicial and revenue cases
206
Summary Settlement and present arrangements compared
207
Lambardars very numerous in parts of the district
208
Rearrangement of circles and strength of establishment
209
Notice of officers
210
to XII ilix
xii

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Page 9 - ... her to empty the dregs of the details which she had begun into the willing ears of some of her more submissive friends, they made their escape from the pump-room. Slopbole Cottage, where the Cheeshams were domiciliated during their sojourn at Potterwell, was situated upon the banks of the Wimpledown, at a distance of somewhat less than a quarter of a mile from the burgh. It had, at one time, been a farm-house; but, within a few years, it had been recast; and, by the addition of a bow window,...
Page 165 - Government revenue should not exceed the " estimated value of half the net produce of an estate, or, in other words, one-half of the share of the produce of an estate ordinarily receivable by the landlord in money or in kind.
Page 81 - ... not, immediately follow the betrothal, is not usually celebrated until the full amount of rasmana has been paid up. Boys are generally married at 18, and girls at 15 years of age. • On the day before the date fixed for the marriage it is obligatory, for the families of both bride and bridegroom, to feast the residents of the village, or quarter, in which they reside. There is nothing special to note in the marriage ceremony, which is the same as prevails among Muhammaden residents of British...
Page 165 - The gross assessments for each settlement circle having been framed by the Settlement Officer on the principles above indicated, revenue rates on soils may be deduced therefrom, and the proposed gross assessment, together with the proposed revenue rates, must be reported to the Government for preliminary...
Page lii - October 1878, as related to the trial of suits and appeals regarding land, or the rent, revenue or produce of land arising in the District of Jehlam, is "hereby cancelled, except as regards suits of the following descriptions : (a).
Page 77 - A son gets sliarmdna on bis mother's remarriage ; a iiephew for his aunt ; a husband for his wife. It is surprising what large sums are paid in this way. A man seducing a spinster or widow is treated just as if he had debauched a married woman. He may get her in marriage, but he must pay up first.
Page 81 - ... cost of which also depends on the means of the parties. The amount of rasmana agreed upon is either paid at once, or in moieties, half at the betrothal, and half at the time of the marriage. The betrothal is then considered complete. The marriage, which may, or may not, immediately follow the betrothal, is not usually celebrated until the full amount of rasmana has been paid up. Boys are generally married at 18, and girls at 15 years of age. • On the day before the date fixed for the marriage...
Page 165 - Officer will take into consideration all circumstances directly or indirectly bearing on the assessment, such as rent-rates where money rates exist, the habits and character of the people, the proximity of marts for the disposal of produce, facilities of communication, the incidence of past assessments, the existence of profits from grazing and the like. These and other considerations must be allowed their weight.
Page l - XIX of 1865, for the purpose of deciding suits in respect to land, or the rent, revenue or produce of land. Ditto Ditto ditto ditto ditto. ditto. Powers of an Assistant Commissioner, with special powers defined in Act XIX of 1865, for the same purpose.
Page 124 - Rice is sown from the middle of April to the end of May. It ripens about the middle of SeptemEice< ber.

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