Principles of Planetary Climate
This book introduces the reader to all the basic physical building blocks of climate needed to understand the present and past climate of Earth, the climates of Solar System planets, and the climates of extrasolar planets. These building blocks include thermodynamics, infrared radiative transfer, scattering, surface heat transfer and various processes governing the evolution of atmospheric composition. Nearly four hundred problems are supplied to help consolidate the reader's understanding, and to lead the reader towards original research on planetary climate. This textbook is invaluable for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate students in atmospheric science, Earth and planetary science, astrobiology, and physics. It also provides a superb reference text for researchers in these subjects, and is very suitable for academic researchers trained in physics or chemistry who wish to rapidly gain enough background to participate in the excitement of the new research opportunities opening in planetary climate.
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2 Thermodynamics in a nutshell
3 Elementary models of radiation balance
4 Radiative transfer in temperaturestratified atmospheres
6 The surface energy balance
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absorbed solar radiation absorption coeﬃcient adiabat aﬀect albedo assume blackbody boundary calculation carbon Chapter climate cloud compute concentration condensable constant convection cooling deﬁned density determine diﬀerent diﬀusion dry adiabat Early Mars Earth Earthlike emission equation escape exobase exponential exponential sum ﬁeld ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁt ﬁxed ﬂow ﬂuid frequency function gases gray gas greenhouse eﬀect greenhouse gas ground temperature heat ﬂux hydrogen impactor increases infrared isothermal isotopic latent heat liquid mass methane mixed layer moist adiabat molecules ocean oﬀ optically thick orbit oxygen particles planet planetary Problem radiative equilibrium Rayleigh scattering reﬂected saturation saturation vapor pressure scattering seasonal cycle signiﬁcant signiﬁcantly Snowball Snowball Earth solar absorption solar constant solar radiation solution speciﬁc spectrum star stellar stratosphere suﬃcient surface pressure surface temperature temperature proﬁle thermal inertia Titan tropical tropopause troposphere Venus warming water vapor wavelength wavenumber