American Conservatism: History, Theory and Practice

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Cambridge Scholars Press, 2005 - Political Science - 470 pages
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American Conservatism: History, Theory, and Practice from Brian R. Farmer is a history of conservatism in the United States that illuminates the odyssey of American conservatism beginning with the Pilgrims and Puritans of the early colonial period and proceeding through the Revolutionary era, the Antebellum period, the Age of Laissez-Faire, Post-Depression Conservatism, the Reagan Era, and concluding with the ideologies and policies of the George W. Bush Administration, arguably the most ideologically driven conservative administration in American history. Conservatism in general and the multiple facets of conservatism are defined, and the political socialization process that produces and perpetuates political ideologies in general and conservatism in particular are presented, to lay the groundwork for the rich history of American people, policies, and events that have surrounded those conservative ideologies that follows. Farmer provides a tool for those interested in American Politics in general and American conservatism in particular with a tool that helps explain the historical development of American ideological conservatism, both in a theoretical sense, and in a policy sense, and thus draws a connection between the American past and what must be considered an exceptional conservative American administration, even by American standards, under George W. Bush. Farmer illustrates that the basic ideological underpinnings that have driven the Bush administration that have generally been viewed by Europeans as exceptional, have been present in American politics since its earliest colonial beginnings with the Puritans and been carried forward by the ideological descendants of the Puritans from that time through the present. In essence, the form of American conservative exceptionalism exhibited during the Bush administration was present in American politics from the very beginning and has continued through the present, albeit in a more extreme form since the traditional ideological conservatives currently dominate all three branches of the American government and the terror attacks of 9/11 allowed them to garner popular support for their exceptional programs.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
American Political Theory Values and Beliefs
13
Classic Liberalism
35
Traditional Conservatism
47
Libertarianism
71
Conservative Extremism
83
Colonial Conservatism
95
Conservatism from the Revolution to the Civil War
133
Conservatism in the New Deal Era
225
Conservatism in the Age of McCarthy
251
Conservatism from Goldwater to Nixon
277
Conservatism and the Reagan Revolution
307
Conservatism from Bush to Bush
345
Conservatism and George W Bush
387
Bibliography
443
Copyright

Conservatism in the LaissezFaire Era
173

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About the author (2005)

Brian Farmer received his Ph.D. in political science from Texas Tech University and has been teaching political science and history at the collegiate level since 1991. Dr. Farmer is currently Professor of Social Sciences at Amarillo College in Amarillo, Texas, and the author of four previous books focusing on political theory and public policy.

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