Disability in the Global Sport Arena: A Sporting Chance

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Jill M. Le Clair
Routledge, Sep 13, 2013 - Sports & Recreation - 254 pages
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Sport is often at the centre of battles for rights to inclusion linked to class, race and gender, and this book explores struggles centred on disability in different cultural settings in Europe, North America, Africa, Asia and Oceania. It challenges oversights and assumptions about the ‘normal’ body, and describes how individual and organizational transformations can occur through sport. The abilities of a person are recognised and placed centre stage - instead of the individual being forgotten, excluded, or placed at the margins simply because they have a disability.

National, regional and global change is part of the shift to the rights based approach reflected in the 2006 UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Making sport inclusive affects the accessibility of facilities, funding, the media, policies, programs, organisations, sponsors and spectators, and at the same time changes the cultural values of the wider society. It also raises issues about competition access and eligibility for ‘different’ and technologically enhanced ‘cyborg’ bodies, and for those most socially disadvantaged. Addressing these questions which ultimately touch on the real meaning of sport can lead to profound changes in people’s attitudes, and how sport is organized locally and globally.

Growth in the influential global organisations of the Paralympic Games, Special Olympics and Deaflympics is examined, as is the approach to disability in sport in both advantaged and resource poor countries. The embodied lives of persons with disabilities are explored utilizing new theoretical models, perspectives and approaches.

This book was previously published as a special issue of Sport in Society.

 

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Contents

Preface
1
global organizational change in sport and the shifting meaning of disability
4
2 Disability rights and change in a global perspective
26
unification and restructuring from a disability and medical model to sportbased competition
31
from disabled person to global Paralympian
48
Special Olympics international global sport initiatives and strategies
63
eradicating misconceptions
81
7 South Africa apartheid and the Paralympic Games
97
11 Physical activity and sport as a tool to include disabled children in Kenyan schools
159
Accra Ghana
169
13 The use of sport by a Health Promoting School to address community conflict
183
Oscar Pistorius cyborg transgressions and strategies of containment
197
a summary and the importance of statistics for understanding and planning
212
disability sport in Malaysia
217
17 Risk of catastrophic injury in sports and recreation
223
hijab burkini modesty and changing strategies
232

8 Contested issues in research on the media coverage of female Paralympic athletes
114
a review
124
the challenge of perceptions spatial dispersal and limited resources
143

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About the author (2013)

Jill M. Le Clair is a Professor of Anthropology, in the School of Liberal Arts & Sciences at Humber College Institute, Toronto, Canada, and the Founding Chair of the Global Disability Research in Sport and Health Network.

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