VIEW OF THE STATE OF EUROPE DURING THE MIDDLE AGES

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Page 7 - Moreover, we have granted for us and our heirs, as well to archbishops, bishops, abbots, priors, and other folk of holy Church, as also to earls, barons, and to all the commonalty of the land, that for no business from henceforth...
Page 43 - III., the efforts of parliament in behalf of their country were rewarded with success in establishing upon a firm footing three essential principles of our government ; the illegality of raising money without consent ; the necessity that the two houses should concur for any alterations in the law ; and, lastly, the right of the commons to inquire into public abuses, and to impeach public counsellors.
Page 41 - ... upon this condition, that the king should take advice and grant redress upon certain articles wherein they are aggrieved.
Page 295 - The French code was less severe ; but even Henry IV. enacted the pain of death against the repeated offence of chasing deer in the royal forests. The privilege of hunting was reserved to the nobility till the reign of Louis IX., who extended it in some degree to persons of lower birth. This excessive passion for the sports of the field produced those evils which are apt to result from it ; a strenuous idleness, which disdained all useful occupations, and an oppressive spirit towards the peasantry....
Page 6 - I do not know that England has ever produced any patriots to whose memory she owes more gratitude than Humphrey Bohun, earl of Hereford and -Essex, and Roger Bigod, earl of Norfolk. In the Great Charter the base spirit and deserted condition of John take off something from the glory of the triumph, though they enhance the moderation of those who pressed no further upon an abject tyrant.
Page 232 - equitable jurisdiction" must be understood the extraordinary interference of the Chancellor, without common-law process, or regard to the common-law rules of proceeding, upon the petition of a party grieved, who was without adequate remedy in a court of common law...
Page 98 - ... is so high and so mighty in his nature, that it may make law, and that that is law it may make no law ; and the determination and knowledge of that privilege belongeth to the lords of the parliament, and not to the justices.
Page 160 - All Europe was a scene of intestine anarchy during the middle ages ; and though England was far less exposed to the scourge of private war than most nations on the continent, we should find, could we recover the local annals of every country, such an accumulation of petty rapine and tumult, as would almost alienate us from the liberty which served to engender it. This was the common tenor of manners, sometimes so much aggravated as to find a place in general history, more often attested by records,...
Page 353 - I should find it difficult to resist the conclusion, that however the labourer has derived benefit from the cheapness of manufactured commodities, and from many inventions of common utility, he is much inferior in ability to support a family, to his ancestors three or four centuries ago.
Page 396 - About, the latter part of the eleventh century, a greater ardour for intellectual pursuits began to show itself in Europe, which in the twelfth broke out into a flame. This was manifested in the numbers who repaired to the public academies, or schools of philosophy. None of these grew so early into reputation as that of Paris. This cannot indeed, as has been vainly pretended, trace its pedigree to Charlemagne. The first who is said to have read lectures at Paris was Remigius of Auxerre, about the...

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