Constructing Nationalities in East Central Europe

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Pieter M. Judson, Marsha L. Rozenblit
Berghahn Books, 2005 - History - 293 pages

The hundred years between the revolutions of 1848 and the population transfers of the mid-twentieth century saw the nationalization of culturally complex societies in East Central Europe. This fact has variously been explained in terms of modernization, state building and nation-building theories, each of which treats the process of nationalization as something inexorable, a necessary component of modernity. Although more recently social scientists gesture to the contingencies that may shape these larger developments, this structural approach makes scholars far less attentive to the "hard work" (ideological, political, social) undertaken by individuals and groups at every level of society who tried themselves to build "national" societies. The essays in this volume make us aware of how complex, multi-dimensional and often contradictory this nationalization process in East Central Europe actually was. The authors document attempts and failures by nationalist politicians, organizations, activists and regimes from 1848 through 1948 to give East-Central Europeans a strong sense of national self-identification. They remind us that only the use of dictatorial powers in the 20th century could actually transform the fantasy of nationalization into a reality, albeit a brutal one.

 

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Contents

Constructing Nationalities in East Central Europe
1
Jewish Military Service
19
Hungary in 18481849
37
Gymnastics Biology
50
The Bohemian Nobility 18801918
61
Nationalist Tourism in
89
Religion and Nationalism in
107
All For One One for All The Federation of Slavic Sokols
126
AustroHungarian Censors during
157
The Dilemma
178
Christian Europe and National Identity in Interwar Hungary
192
The Hungarian Institute for Research into the Jewish Question
223
The Case
243
Czech National Honor in the Aftermath
267
Index
283
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About the author (2005)

Marsha L. Rozenblit is the Harvey M. Meyerhoff Professor of Jewish History at the University of Maryland, College Park. She is the author of The Jews of Vienna, 1867-1914: Assimilation and Identity (State University of New York Press, 1983) and Reconstructing a National Identity: The Jews of Habsburg Austria during World War I (Oxford University Press, 2001).

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