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Europe on the Way to the Crusades
The Expedition by the Peasants
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13th century able achieved Acre addition Ages already Antioch appeared Arab army Asia authority battle became become beginning building built Byzantine Byzantium Caliphate castles Central centres Christian Church cities confrontation conquest Constantinople continued course Crusade cultural direct economic Egypt emerged emperor empire established Europe European evidence examples existence expansion fact feudal lords fighting force France Frederick Greek groups hands Holy idea important included increase influence interest Islamic Italian Italy Jerusalem Jews King kingdom knights known land major material merchants Middle military Moslems movement nature Norman North Northern Orient original Papacy particular peasants period political Pope population position possessed practice principal production protection regarded relations relatively religious remained result rule siege similar situation social society Southern Italy Spain taken territories tion took towns trade Venice walls Western whole