## Basic Space Plasma PhysicsThis textbook deals with the requirements of space physics. The first part starts with a description of the Earth's plasma environment, followed by a derivation of single particle motions in electromagnetic fields, with applications to the Earth's magnetosphere. Then the origin and effects of collisions and conductivities, formation of the ionosphere, magnetospheric convection and dynamics, and solar wind-magnetosphere coupling are discussed.The second part of the book presents a more theoretical foundation of plasma physics, starting from kinetic theory. Introducing moments of the distribution function permits derivation of the fluid equations, followed by an analysis of fluid boundaries, with the Earth's magnetopause and bow shock as examples. Finally, fluid and kinetic theory are applied to derive the relevant wave modes in a plasma.A representative selection of the many space plasma instabilities and relevant aspects of nonlinear theory is given in a companion textbook, Advanced Space Plasma Physics, by the same authors. |

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a>ge adiabatic Alfven wave anisotropic assume average becomes bow shock calculated collision frequency component conductivity Coulomb current density cyclotron Debye length defined depends derivative dielectric tensor direction discontinuity dispersion relation distribution function disturbance drift Earth electric field electrojet electromagnetic wave electron density electron plasma electrons and ions electrostatic energy equation of motion equatorial equilibrium field-aligned currents fluid flux tubes gradient guiding center gyration gyroradius Hence integral interplanetary ion-cyclotron ionization ionosphere isotropic Landau damping Langmuir waves linear loss cone magnetic field lines magnetized plasma magnetohydrodynamic magnetopause magnetosheath magnetosphere Maxwellian momentum neglected netic neutral sheet obtain Ohm's law oscillations phase space phase velocity pitch angle plane plasma frequency plasma physics plasma sheet plasma waves polarization pressure quasineutral radiation region resonance right-hand side ring current solar wind substorm tangential temperature term thermal tion transverse typical unmagnetized vanishes variations vector Vlasov equation wave modes wave propagation wavenumber whistler zero