Development Methods and Approaches Critical Reflections: Selected Essays from Development in Practice
Oxfam, 2003 - Social Science - 292 pages
Many aid agencies advocate approaches to development which are people-centred, participatory, empowering and gender-fair. This volume of essays explores some of the middle ground between such values-based approaches and the methods and techniques that the agencies adopt. The selection offers critical assessments of fashionable tools such as Participatory Rural Appraisal and Logical Framework. It demonstrates how these are linked (conceptually and in practice) to the wider ideological environment in which they are used, and shows how they depend upon the skills of the fieldworker and/or organization applying them. Contributors argue that tools and methods will contribute to a values-based approach only if those using them have a serious commitment to a social agenda which is genuinely transformative.
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towards more effective gender
mainstreaming through stakeholder participation
womens contributions to natural
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action activities Africa agenda analysis Appreciative Inquiry assessment assumptions Basarwa Botswana capacity building challenge complex consultant context countries Critical Incidents culture development agencies Development in Practice development organisations development projects donors economic effective empowerment environment ethnic groups evaluation example experience facilitate focus framework funding Gaborone gender experts gender inequalities gender mainstreaming grassroots humanitarian identify impact implementation important individual INGOs institutional interventions involved ISBN issues Kenya kgosi kgotla knowledge Logical Framework Approach London Malawi methodology monitoring NGOs objectives organisation's organisational change organisational learning outcomes Oxfam GB participation participatory development participatory methods Participatory Rural Appraisal partnerships planners political poverty practitioners priorities problems programmes questions recognise relations responsibility role Rwanda sector skills social specific staff stakeholders strategies structures sustainable Tanzania Tswana understanding village women workers workshop World Bank