The Indo-European Controversy: Facts and Fallacies in Historical Linguistics
Cambridge University Press, Apr 30, 2015 - Language Arts & Disciplines
Over the past decade, a group of prolific and innovative evolutionary biologists has sought to reinvent historical linguistics through the use of phylogenetic and phylogeographical analysis, treating cognates like genes and conceptualizing the spread of languages in terms of the diffusion of viruses. Using these techniques, researchers claim to have located the origin of the Indo-European language family in Neolithic Anatolia, challenging the near-consensus view that it emerged in the grasslands north of the Black Sea thousands of years later. But despite its widespread celebration in the global media, this new approach fails to withstand scrutiny. As languages do not evolve like biological species and do not spread like viruses, the model produces incoherent results, contradicted by the empirical record at every turn. This book asserts that the origin and spread of languages must be examined primarily through the time-tested techniques of linguistic analysis, rather than those of evolutionary biology.
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Albanian Anatolian hypothesis Anatolian languages ancestor archeological areas Armenian Aryan borrowing Bouckaert branch Caucasus Celtic century Chapter circa cognates common consonant culture database demic diffusion descendant dialect dialect continuum Distribution map East Slavic Europe European evidence example expansion French genetic geographical Germanic Glottalic theory glottochronology grammatical Gray and Atkinson Gray–Atkinson approach Gray–Atkinson model Greek historical linguistics Hittite homeland horse Indo Indo-Aryan Indo-Aryan languages Indo-European language family Indo-European origins Indo-European studies Indo-Iranian innovations Iranian Italian language groups Latin lexical linguistic paleontology loanwords Longobardi Mapping the Origins McMahon meaning methods migration modern Neolithic non-Indo-European northern Old Church Slavonic Old English palatalization parameters phonological PNIE population Proto-Indo-European proto-language Proto-Uralic racial reconstructed Renfrew result Romance languages Romani Romanian root Russian Sanskrit scholars Slavic languages sound Spanish split spoken spread Steppe hypothesis steppe zone Swadesh lists theory Tocharian tongue tree Uralic verb vocabulary vowel words