Noxious New York: The Racial Politics of Urban Health and Environmental Justice
Racial minority and low-income communities often suffer disproportionate effects of urban environmental problems. Environmental justice advocates argue that these communities are on the front lines of environmental and health risks. In Noxious New York, Julie Sze analyzes the culture, politics, and history of environmental justice activism in New York City within the larger context of privatization, deregulation, and globalization. She tracks urban planning and environmental health activism in four gritty New York neighborhoods: Brooklyn's Sunset Park and Williamsburg sections, West Harlem, and the South Bronx. In these communities, activism flourished in the 1980s and 1990s in response to economic decay and a concentration of noxious incinerators, solid waste transfer stations, and power plants. Sze describes the emergence of local campaigns organized around issues of asthma, garbage, and energy systems, and how, in each neighborhood, activists framed their arguments in the vocabulary of environmental justice.Sze shows that the linkage of planning and public health in New York City goes back to the nineteenth century's sanitation movement, and she looks at the city's history of garbage, sewage, and sludge management. She analyzes the influence of race, family, and gender politics on asthma activism and examines community activists' responses to garbage privatization and energy deregulation. Finally, she looks at how activist groups have begun to shift from fighting particular siting and land use decisions to engaging in a larger process of community planning and community-based research projects. Drawing extensively on fieldwork and interviews with community members and activists, Sze illuminates the complex mix of local and global issues that fuels environmental justice activism.
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Noxious New York: the racial politics of urban health and environmental justice
No preview available - 2007
African American air pollution asthma asthma rates borough Brooklyn Navy Yard Center city planning citywide Clean Air coalition communities of color community board corporate cultural debates deregulation diesel disease dumping economic electricity envi environment environmental health environmental justice activism environmental justice activists environmental justice campaigns environmental justice movement environmental racism exposure focused Fresh Kills garbage garbage policy global Gowanus Expressway groups health research Hispanic Hunts Point impact incinerator increased industrial issues land landfills Latino low-income Manhattan Mayor medical waste megawatts ment mental justice million municipal munity Navy Yard incinerator neighborhoods NYPA percent political population power plants problems programs proposed protection public health race racial recycling Red Hook regulations residents risk ronmental justice sanitary sewage siting sludge social solid waste South Bronx Sunset Park tion toxic treatment plant urban planning waste transfer stations waterfront West Harlem Williamsburg York City’s zoning