Noxious New York: The Racial Politics of Urban Health and Environmental Justice

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MIT Press, Nov 22, 2006 - Political Science - 292 pages
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Racial minority and low-income communities often suffer disproportionate effects of urban environmental problems. Environmental justice advocates argue that these communities are on the front lines of environmental and health risks. In Noxious New York, Julie Sze analyzes the culture, politics, and history of environmental justice activism in New York City within the larger context of privatization, deregulation, and globalization. She tracks urban planning and environmental health activism in four gritty New York neighborhoods: Brooklyn's Sunset Park and Williamsburg sections, West Harlem, and the South Bronx. In these communities, activism flourished in the 1980s and 1990s in response to economic decay and a concentration of noxious incinerators, solid waste transfer stations, and power plants. Sze describes the emergence of local campaigns organized around issues of asthma, garbage, and energy systems, and how, in each neighborhood, activists framed their arguments in the vocabulary of environmental justice.Sze shows that the linkage of planning and public health in New York City goes back to the nineteenth century's sanitation movement, and she looks at the city's history of garbage, sewage, and sludge management. She analyzes the influence of race, family, and gender politics on asthma activism and examines community activists' responses to garbage privatization and energy deregulation. Finally, she looks at how activist groups have begun to shift from fighting particular siting and land use decisions to engaging in a larger process of community planning and community-based research projects. Drawing extensively on fieldwork and interviews with community members and activists, Sze illuminates the complex mix of local and global issues that fuels environmental justice activism.
 

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Contents

Environmental Justice in a Moment of Danger
1
Public Health and Planning as Historical Antecedents to New York Citys Environmental Justice Activism
27
Stigma Blight and the Politics of Race and Pollution
49
The Politics of Gender Race and Recognition
91
Local and Global Trash Politics
109
5 Power to the People? Deregulation and Environmental Justice Energy Activism
143
6 The Promise and the Peril or Can CommunityBased Environmental Justice Initiatives Reintegrate Planning and Public Health in the Urban Environ...
177
What We Can Learn from New York City Environmental Justice Activism
207
Notes
213
References
245
Index
269
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