The Contemporary Spanish Economy: A Historical Perspective
Peri-urban interfaces - the zones where urban and rural areas meet - suffer from the greatest problems to humans caused by rapid urbanization, including intense pressures on resources, slum formation, lack of adequate services such as water and sanitation, poor planning and degradation of farmland. These areas, home to hundreds of millions of people, face unique problems and need distinctive and innovative approaches and solutions.This book, authored by top researchers and practitioners, covers the full breadth and depth of the impacts of rapid urbanization on livelihoods, poverty and resources in the peri-urban zones in diverse African, Asian, Latin American and Caribbean contexts. Topics include peri-urban resource sustainability, ecosystems and societies and environmental changes in peri-urban zones. Rich case studies cover production systems and livelihoods including the impacts of irrigated vegetable production, horticulture, dairy enterprises, waste-fed fisheries and pastoral livelihoods. Also addressed are planning and development issues in the peri-urban interface including the difficulty in achieving sustainability, conflict and cooperation over resources, and a fresh look at the relationship between people and their environment. The final part of the book presents policies and strategies for promoting and measuring sustainability in peri-urban zones including community-based waste management, the co-management of watersheds and empowerment of the poor.This book is the most comprehensive examination of the challenges and solutions facing the people and environments of peri-urban zones and is essential reading for all practitioners, students and academics in geography and development.
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Contemporary Spanish Agriculture
Agricultural Policy Since l939
l0 Percentage Share of the Agricultural Sector in Gross Domestic
l4 Percentage Increase of Consumer Goods Prices December l970
l5 General IndexoftheCostof Living l97l l972
2l Average Yields Selected Cereals l975
The Long Road to Spains Industrial
l5 Evolution of Industrial Wages l964 and l972
l9 Average Size of the Labor Force in Industrial Enterprises Employing
The Economic Crisis of the l970s
EnergyRelated Ratios l97078
The Restoration of Free Trade Unions
Quo Vadis Hispania?
The Spanish Industrial Revolution of
l0 Yearly Rates of Growth of GNP in Real Terms for Selected Countries
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agrarian reform agricultural products agricultural sector allowed Andalusia Asturias autarky average balance of payments Banco Urquijo banks Barcelona bourgeoisie Catalan Catalonia CCOO century continued Cortes costs country's crisis cultivation decade decline decree deficit demand dirigisme economic development economic growth employers enterprises Espaņa espaņola established expanding expropriation Extremadura Falange farms finance foreign capital foreign investment foreign trade Francisco Largo Caballero Franco gross gross domestic product hectares IBRD imports income increase industrial production institutions irrigation labor force land large landowners latifundio Madrid major Manuel Azaņa military million pesetas Minister OECD owners participation peasants period pesetas Plan poles political protection rate of growth rate of inflation regional Republic rising rural workers social Socialists Spain Spaniards Spanish economy Spanish exports Spanish firms Spanish government Spanish industry Spanish products Table tariff unemployment wheat yearly rate