The Bees of the World, Volume 1

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JHU Press, 2000 - Science - 913 pages
2 Reviews
A comprehensive, worldwide treatment of all groups of bees - 1200 genera and subgenera, including more than 16,000 species. In extensive introductory sections, Charles D. Michener examines the evolution of bees from wasps, the relations of the families of bees to one another, the evolution of bees in relation to that of flowering plants, the nesting behaviour of solitary and social bees, and the structure of immature and adult bees. Drawing on these considerations as well as the fossil record, he speculates on the attributes of the protobee, the common ancestor of all bees. He also cites the major literature on bee biology and describes the need for further research on the systematics and natural history of bees, including their importance as pollinators of crops and natural vegetation.
 

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Written by the world's leading authority on bees, this reference is the first and only comprehensive, worldwide treatment of all groups of bees, and includes more than 16,000 species. Michener examines the evolution of bees from wasps, the relations of the bodies of bees to one another, the evolution of bees, and the structure of immature and adult bees, and more. 433 line drawings. 88 photos, 48 in color. 

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un chapitre sur les abeilles et leurs relations avec les plantes fleurs

Contents

About Bees and This Book
1
What Are Bees?
2
The Importance of Bees
3
Development and Reproduction
4
Solitary versus Social Life
9
Floral Relationships of Bees
13
Nests and Food Storage
19
Parasitic and Robber Bees
27
Subfamily Halictinae
333
Tribe Halictini
339
Tribe Augochlorini
377
Family Melittidae
396
Subfamily Dasypodainae
399
Tribe Dasypodaini
400
Tribe Promelittini
405
Tribe Sambini
406

Body Form Tagmata and Sex Differences
38
Structures and Anatomical Terminology of Adults
40
Structures and Terminology of Larvae
53
Bees and Sphecoid Wasps as a Clade
54
Bees as a Holophyletic Group
55
The Origin of Bees from Wasps
58
Classification of the BeeSphecoid Clade
60
Bee Taxa and Categories
61
Methods of Classification
71
The History of Bee Classifications
72
ShortTongued versus LongTongued Bees
78
Phylogeny and the ProtoBee
83
The Higher Classification of Bees
88
Fossil Bees
93
The Antiquity of Bee Taxa
94
Diversity and Abundance
96
Dispersal
99
Biogeography
100
Reduction or Loss of Structures
104
New and Modified Structures
106
FamilyGroup Names
111
Explanation of Taxonomic Accounts in Sections 36 to 119
112
Some Problematic Taxa
114
The Identification of Bees
115
Key to the Families Based on Adults
116
Notes on Certain Couplets in the Key to Families Section 33
120
Practical Key to FamilyGroup Taxa Based on Females
121
Family Stenotritidae
123
Family Colletidae
126
Subfamily Colletinae
130
Subfamily Diphaglossinae
164
Tribe Caupolicanini
165
Tribe Diphaglossini
168
Tribe Dissoglottini
170
Subfamily Xeromelissinae
171
Tribe Chilicolini
172
Tribe Xeromelissini
177
Subfamily Hylaeinae
178
Subfamily Euryglossinae
210
Family Andrenidae
225
Subfamily Alocandreninae
228
Subfamily Andreninae
229
Subfamily Panurginae
260
Tribe Protandrenini
262
Tribe Melitturgini
278
Tribe Protomeliturgini
281
Tribe Perditini
282
Tribe Calliopsini
292
Subfamily Oxaeinae
301
Family Halictidae
304
Subfamily Rophitinae
307
Subfamily Nomiinae
317
Subfamily Nomioidinae
330
Subfamily Meganomiinae
409
Subfamily Melittinae
412
Family Megachilidae
417
Subfamily Fideliinae
419
Tribe Pararhophitini
420
Tribe Fideliini
421
Subfamily Megachilinae
424
Tribe Lithurgini
427
Tribe Osmiini
431
Tribe Anthidiini
474
Tribe Dioxyini
521
Tribe Megachilini
526
Family Apidae
570
Subfamily Xylocopinae
575
Tribe Manueliini
577
Tribe Xylocopini
578
Tribe Ceratinini
593
Tribe Allodapini
600
Tribe Hexepeolini
618
Tribe Brachynomadini
620
Tribe Nomadini
624
Tribe Epeolini
627
Tribe Ammobatoidini
633
Tribe Biastini
636
Tribe Townsendiellini
639
Tribe Neolarrini
640
Tribe Ammobatini
641
Tribe Caenoprosopidini
646
Subfamily Apinae
647
Tribe Isepeolini
652
Tribe Osirini
654
Tribe Protepeolini
658
Tribe Exomalopsini
660
Tribe Ancylini
665
Tribe Tapinotaspidini
667
Tribe Tetrapediini
674
Tribe Crenoplectrini
676
Tribe Emphorini
679
Tribe Eucerini
686
Tribe Anthophorini
720
Tribe Centridini
731
Tribe Rhathymini
739
Tribe Ericrocidini
740
Tribe Melectini
747
Tribe Euglossini
754
Tribe Bombini
761
Tribe Meliponini
779
Tribe Apini
806
Lirerature Cited
809
Addenda
871
Index of Terms
873
Index of Taxa
877
Copyright

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About the author (2000)

Charles D. Michener is curator emeritus, Entomology Division, University of Kansas Natural History Museum and Biodiversity Research Center, and professor emeritus, Entomology Program, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Kansas. His books include The Social Behavior of Bees.

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