Scorecard Diplomacy: Grading States to Influence their Reputation and Behavior

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Cambridge University Press, May 2, 2017 - Political Science
What can the international community do when countries would rather ignore a thorny problem? Scorecard Diplomacy shows that, despite lacking traditional force, public grades are potent symbols that can evoke countries' concerns about their reputations and motivate them to address the problem. The book develops an unconventional but careful argument about the growing phenomenon of such ratings and rankings. It supports this by examining the United States' foreign policy on human trafficking using a global survey of NGOs, case studies, thousands of diplomatic cables, media stories, 90 interviews worldwide, and other documents. All of this is gathered together in a format that walks the reader through the mechanisms of scorecard diplomacy, including an assessment of the outcomes. Scorecard Diplomacy speaks both to those keen to understand the pros and cons of US policy on human trafficking and to those interested in the central question of influence in international relations. The book's companion website can be found at www.scorecarddiplomacy.org.
 

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Contents

When Do Reputational Concerns Operate? A Simple Model
44
Empirical Expectations
59
The Problem of Human Trafficking
65
Public Monitoring and Grading
75
Results Appendix 29 I
80
Ongoing Diplomacy and Practical Assistance
82
Summary
92
It was all about
98
Relative Prevalence of Reactions
139
Would Officials Still React If There Were No Tiers?
145
From Reputational Concerns to Effects on Laws Practices
152
Effects on Implementation Institutions Norms and Practices
175
When Does It Work?
183
Exposure
193
Prioritization
199
Country Perspectives
206

How Civil Society Can Use Scorecard Diplomacy to Hold
104
The Medias Role in Eliciting Reputational Concerns III
111
MicroLevel Evidence of Reputational Concerns II 7
118
How Do Officials React?
125
Reputation and Policy
233
Methods Appendix
264
18
319
Copyright

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About the author (2017)

Judith G. Kelley is the Kevin D. Gorter Professor of Public Policy and Political Science at Duke University, North Carolina, as well as the Senior Associate Dean of the Sanford School of Public Policy. A graduate of Stanford University, California and the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Massachusetts, at Duke University she writes on how the international community can promote democracy and human rights. Her last book, Monitoring Democracy: When International Election Monitoring Works and Why it Often Fails (2012) won the Chadwick F. Alger Prize for best book about international organization and multilateralism.

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