Shakespeare, Co-author: A Historical Study of Five Collaborative Plays
No issue in Shakespeare studies is more important than determining what he wrote. For over two centuries scholars have discussed the evidence that Shakespeare worked with co-authors on several plays, and have used a variety of methods to differentiate their contributions from his. In this wide-ranging study, Brian Vickers takes up and extends these discussions, presenting compelling evidence that Shakespeare wrote Titus Andronicus together with George Peele, Timon of Athens with Thomas Middleton, Pericles with George Wilkins, and Henry VIII and The Two Noble Kinsmen with John Fletcher. In Part One Vickers reviews the standard processes of co-authorship as they can be reconstructed from documents connected with the Elizabethan stage, and shows that every major, and most minor dramatists in the Elizabethan, Jacobean, and Caroline theatres collaborated in getting plays written and staged. This is combined with a survey of the types of methodology used since the early nineteenth century to identify co-authorship, and a critical evaluation of some 'stylometric' techniques. Part Two is devoted to detailed analyses of the five collaborative plays, discussing every significant case made for and against Shakespeare's co-authorship. Synthesizing two centuries of discussion, Vickers reveals a solidly based scholarly tradition, building on and extending previous work, identifying the co-authors' contributions in increasing detail. The range and quantity of close verbal analysis brought together in Shakespeare, Co-Author present a compelling case to counter those 'conservators' of Shakespeare who maintain that he is the sole author of his plays.
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List of Plates
List of Tables
References and Abbreviations
Authorship in English Renaissance Drama
DRAMATISTS AS COLLABORATORS
DATING AND CHRONOLOGY
Titus Andronicus with George Peele
Timon of Athens with Thomas Middleton
Pericles with George Wilkins
Henry VIII and The Two Noble Kinsmen with Jobn Fletcher
Plot and Character in CoAuthored Plays Problems of Coordination
Pause Patterns in Elizabethan Drama
Alcibiades alliteration analysis argued authorship studies Bassianus Beaumont blank verse Cambridge canon cent characters Chettle cited claim co-author co-authorship collaboration computed critics Cyrus Hoy Dekker Delius double endings drama dramatists E. K. Chambers edition Elizabethan English essay evidence feminine endings figures Fleay Fletcher Fletcherian Folio frequently function words hath Henry VIII Henslowe instances Jacobean Jonson Knight Lake Lavinia linguistic literary London MacDonald Jackson Marcus Massinger Masten Maxwell metrical Middleton Mincoff Miseries Morton Noble Kinsmen Oliphant Oras Oxford parallels passages pauses Peele Peele's percentage Pericles play play's plot poems poets prose Quarto readers Renaissance Revenger's Tragedy rhyme Saturninus scholarly scholars Second Maiden's Tragedy Shakespeare scenes Shakespearian Shakspere showed Sir Thomas speech stage statistical stylistic stylometry Sykes Table Tamora Tarlinskaja Timon of Athens tion Titus Andronicus verbal verse line verse style verse tests vocabulary W. W. Greg Wilkins Wilkins's writers written wrote
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