Practical Materia Medica of the Medieval Eastern Mediterranean According to the Cairo Genizah

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BRILL, 2008 - Science - 619 pages
This volume uniquely looks into the "practice" of medical care in the medieval world, particularly amongst the Jewish communities of Egypt. It examines the medicinal prescriptions, lists of materia medica and letters between physicians, pharmacists and patients found in the Cairo Genizah. Most histories of medieval medicine of the eastern Mediterranean are based upon theoretical Arabic writings. Here the authors examine, analyze and contextualize these medieval prescriptions also from the perspective of ethnobotanists, and as a result, provide an innovative insight into the everyday practice of medieval medicine and the historical use of the medicinal substances in the Medieval Mediterranean world. The result is a much needed contribution to medical-historical scholarship interested in the everyday practice of medicine of the common people of the medieval period.
 

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Contents

Practical Materia Medica and Its Sources
20
The identification of Materia Medica in the Genizah
29
Prescriptions lists letters and their analysis
42
Inventory of practical Materia Medica of
55
MATERIA MEDICA
89
concise items
325
Epilogue
509
Practical Materia Medica
515
Dry decoction of Aloe Aloe sp Liliaceae Figure 14 Crystals of alum Stypteria
599
Resin of bdellium Commiphora mukul Burseraceae Figure 16 Seeds of bottle gourd Lagenaria vulgaris Cucurbitaceae
599
Dried flowers of borage Anchusa italica Boraginacea Figure 18 Leaves and oil of camphor Cinnamomum camphora Lauraceae
599
Fruits of cardamom Elettaria cardamomum Zingiberaceae Figure 20 Seeds and root of carrot Daucus carota Apiaceae
599
Leaves of cassia Cassia acutifolia Fabaceae Figure 22 Hard cheese cattle product Bos taurus Bovidae
599
Seeds of chate melon Cucumis melo var chate Cucur bitaceae Figure 24 Samples of white clay earth bole
599
Bark of cinnamon Cinnamomum cassia Lauraceae Figure 26 Red coral Tubipora musica Coelenterata System
599
Seeds of coriander Coriandrum sativum Apiaceae Figure 28 Resin of frankincense olibanum Boswellia carteri Bur
599

Theoretical Materia Medica
550
Compound Medicines and Drugs
559
Foodstuffs
570
Bibliography
581
Apage fromalKūhīnal Attārs Minhājaldukkānwadustūr alayān fī amāl watarākīb aladwiya alnāfia lilinsān on syrups found in the Genizah TS Ar 40
599
A fragment of a notebook on dentistry TS Or 1080 7
599
A letter from Maimonides to his disciple Tobias with a recipe for his headache TS Ar 30 286
599
Prescription for a recipe written in JudaeoArabic opening and closing with benedictions in Arabic TS Ar 30 305
599
Prescription consisting of two similar recipes the lower in JudaeoArabic and the upper in Arabic TS AS 155 365
599
Prescription for the treatment of haemorrhoids TS Ar 44 181
599
Family prescription listing 12 patients some related TS
599
8283 Figure 8 Fragment identified as a part of Ibn alBayāns alDustūr albīmāristānī TS Ar 43 270
599
Prescription for the treatment of ancient ulcer chancre and some eye ailments TS AS 161
599
List of simples and their quantities written in JudaeoArabic including weights or prices in Coptic numerals TS Ar 30 274
599
List of simples and their quantities written in Arabic TS Ar 39 487
599
One of a few prescriptions that mentions myrobalan TS Ar 43 338
599
seraceae Figure 29 Gum Arabic resin of Acacia nilotica Mimosaceae Figure 30 Leaves fruits and powder of henna Lawsonia inermis alba Lythraceae
599
Fruits of jujube Ziziphus vulgaris Rhamnaceae Figure 32 Crystals and powder of galena Plumbum sulphidum PbS
599
Resin of lentisk Pistacia lentiscus Anacardiaceae Figure 34 Roots of liquorice Glycyrrhiza glabra Fabaceae
599
Fruits of long pepper Piper longum Piperaceae Figure 36 Mollusc Operculum of marine gastropods
599
Fruits of yellow myrobalan cherry plum Terminalia citrina Combrotaceae Figure 38 Resin of myrrh Commiphora myrrha Burseraceae
599
Oak gall Quercus sp Fagaceae Figure 40 Fruits of peony Paeonia sp Paeoniaceae
599
Fruits of pepper black pepper Piper nigrum Piperaceae Figure 42 Fruits of perfumed cherry Prunus mahaleb Rosaceae
599
Roots of rhubarb Rheum sp Polygonaceae Figure 44 Flowers of rose dog rose Rosa canina Rosaceae
599
Common Rue Ruta graveolens Rutaceae Figure 46 Stigmas of saffron Crocus sativus Iridaceae on left side and imitations sold in markets today right s...
599
Sarcocolla resin Astragalus sarcocolla Fabaceae Figure 48 Fruits of sebesten Cordia myxia Boraginaceae
599
Roots of spikenard nard nardus root musk root Indian spikenard Nardostachys jatamansi Valerianaceae
599
Crystals of cane sugar Saccharum officinarum Poacea Figure 51 Cylinders of natural Sulphur S Figure 52 Leaves and seeds of sweet violet Viola odo...
599
Figures
599
Index of Arabic Names
605
Index of English Names
612
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About the author (2008)

Efraim Lev, B.A, Ms.C., Ph.D. (1999), is a senior lecturer at the Dept. of Eretz Israel Studies and School of Public Health at the University of Haifa, Israel. He has published extensively on ethnopharmacology and history of medicine and pharmacology in the Levant.
Zohar Amar, B.A, M.A., Ph.D. (1996) is a senior lecturer at the Dept. of Land of Israel and Archaeology at Bar Ilan University. He has published extensively on the history of nature in Israel, Ancient medicine and realia in the Levant according to Jewish and Muslim sources.

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