The Redirecting Children's Behavior Parenting Course, Parental Stress, the Parent-child Relationship, and Child Behavior
The study examined the variables of parental stress, social support, satisfaction, involvement, communication, and limit setting with children, promotion of children's autonomy, and children's problem behavior among 13 to 16 parents with a child between ages 2 and 11 who attended a five-week Redirecting Children's Behavior (RCB) parenting class. The RCB parenting course is a parenting intervention that is based on the Adler-Dreikurs approach to parent education. The data were collected in a pretest and posttest format, and the mean differences were compared on all variables with paried t-tests. Prior to the intervention, parents were generally satisfied with their parenting role and involved with their children; however, they reported having high levels of parental stress and perceived that their children had significant behavioral problems. Statistically significant decreases were found for parental stress levels (n = 16) and children's behavioral problems (n = 13) with high effect sizes of d = .96 and d = .95, respectively. Statistically significant increases were found for mothers' social support, communication with their child, and limit setting (n = 13). The effect sizes were d = .83, d = .72, d = 1.2, respectively. The comparison group data were omitted due to a low sample size (n = 4). The posttest also included an open-ended question about how parents felt about their parenting following the class. A 7- to 22-month follow-up was completed utilizing a brief open-ended questionnaire with 18 parents who had taken the RCB class. Findings indicated that over 66% of parents experienced a decrease in stress following the RCB class, and over 88% would recommend the RCB course. The open-ended responses included an assessment of the overall rating of the class and the aspects that impacted parents and that were deemed most and least useful. The generalizability of the findings is limited; further research is necessary on a larger sample size with a control group to effectively evaluate the impact of the RCB course on parents and children. The findings of this study tentatively suggest that the RCB course may benefit parents who experience stress and wish to improve their children's behaviors.
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REVIEW OF LITERATURE
SUMMARY OF RESULTS
Abidin Adlerian parent education adolescents Alfred Adler assess boxplot Child Behavior Inventory Children and Families Cohen's kappa communication conduct problems consistent content scale control group Crnic data were collected Developmental Psychology Dreikurs & Soltz ECBI effect effect size emotional evaluation Eyberg Child Behavior feel follow-up impact INCAF included increase indicated Individual Psychology interactions Journal kurtosis Kvols Latino Limit Setting Maniacci Marie Lepeltier Mest meta-emotion mothers open-ended outcomes Parent-Child Relationship Inventory parental satisfaction parental stress parental support parenting course show parenting interventions parenting program Parents participating participating in RCB percent agreement posttest data pretest and posttest problem behavior PSI/SF Psychology Q-Q plots questionnaires raters RCB class RCB course RCB instructors RCB parenting course Redirecting Children's Behavior Relationship Inventory PCRI responses role Rudolf Dreikurs sample Satisfaction With Parenting significant social support stressors survey T-scores target child Total Stress score treatment group validity wait list Webster-Stratton