The Elements of Botany

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General Books LLC, 2009 - 204 pages
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1775. Excerpt: ... CHAP. V. Of the Sexes of Plants'. Sect. CXXXII. IN the first place we shall shew, that there was only one pair of every living thing, whether animal or vegetable species, created at the beginning. Sect, cxxxiir. Though vegetables are destitute of fenses, they are nevertheless endued with lire, as well as animals. This will appear, if we consider the propulsion of their lap, their origin, nutrition, age, motion; their diseases, death, anatomy, and organization. Sect, cxxxiv. Every living thing derives its origin from an egg; consequently vegetables also, whose seeds are eggs; as appears by the producing offspring similar to the parent plant. Sect, cxxxv. That every vegetable is produced from s an egg, reason and experience teach; and" the cotyledons or feed lobes farther confirm it. SECT. SECT, cxxxvr. The cotyledons of animals proceed from the yolk of the egg, on which is produced the speck of life; therefore the seminal leaves, in which is wrapped up the corculum, or essence pf the feed, are also cotyledons. Sect, cxxxvii. That the'ofFspring proceeds not from the egg alone, nor from the male sperm alone, undeniably appears from the consideration of mules, the reason of the thing, and the structure of the parts., Sect. CXXXVIII. That the egg, not impregnated, should produce an animal, is contrary to all experience the fame holds true in vegetables. SECT. CXXXIX. Every species of vegetable is furnished with flower and fruit, even when these are not discoverable to the naked eye, SECT. CXL. Every fruit is preceded by a flower, as every birth by generation. SECT. CXLI. Fructification consists in the genitals of plants; so that their flowering is analogous L 3 to to generation, and the ripe fruit to the compleat J tus. SECT. CXLII. Every flower is furni...

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