Elements of chemistry including the recent discoveries and doctrines of the science, Volume 1

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Page 202 - The production of cold seldom or never takes place during combination, except when heat is rendered insensible by the conversion of a solid into a liquid, or a liquid into a gas.
Page 311 - Phosphorus is exceedingly, inflammable. Exposed to the air at common temperatures, it undergoes slow combustion, emits a white vapour of a peculiar alliaceous odour, appears distinctly luminous in the dark, and is gradually consumed.
Page 228 - Hence we may conclude, that, in volatile vitriolic acid, a single ultimate particle of sulphur is intimately united only to a single particle of dephlogisticated air; and that, in perfect vitriolic acid, every single particle of sulphur is united to two of dephlogisticated air, being the quantity necessary to saturation.
Page 92 - In the figure the sine of the angle of refraction is to the sine of the angle of incidence as 1 to...
Page 155 - If the wire is on the same horizontal plane with the needle, no declination whatever takes place ; but the magnet shows a disposition to move in a vertical direction, the pole next the negative side of the battery being depressed when the wire is to the west of it, and elevated when it is placed on the east side.
Page 246 - It was supposed that when a body burns phlogiston escapes from it, and that when the body has lost phlogiston it ceases to be combustible, and is then a dephlogisticated or incombustible substance. A metallic oxide was consequently regarded as a simple substance, and the metal itself as a compound of its oxide with phlogiston. The heat and light which accompany combustion were attributed to the rapidity with which phlogiston is evolved during the process. The discovery of oxygen and the experiments...
Page 252 - When the action of heat, the electric spark and spongy platinum no longer cause an explosion, a silent and gradual combination between the gases may still be occasioned by them. Oxygen and hydrogen gases unite slowly with one another when exposed to a temperature above the boiling point of mercury, and below that at which glass begins to appear luminous in the dark. An explosive mixture, diluted with air to too great a degree to explode by electricity, is made to unite silently by a succession of...
Page 295 - The agreeable pungency of beer, porter and ale is, in a great measure, owing to the presence of carbonic acid ; by the loss of which, on exposure to the air, they become stale. All kinds of spring and...
Page 45 - ... being the ratio of 1 to 23. Hence if equal quantities of heat be added to equal weights of water, spermaceti oil, and mercury, their temperatures in relation to each other will be expressed by the numbers 1, 2, and 23; or, what amounts to the same, in order to increase the temperature of equal weights of those substances to...
Page 174 - ... a way. The electrodes are the surfaces, whether of air, water, metal, or any other substance, which serve to convey an electric current into and from the liquid to be decomposed. The surfaces of this liquid which are in immediate contact with the electrodes, and where the elements make their appearance, are termed anode, and cathode, from...

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