Atmospheric and Oceanic Fluid Dynamics: Fundamentals and Large-scale Circulation
Fluid dynamics is fundamental to our understanding of the atmosphere and oceans. Although many of the same principles of fluid dynamics apply to both the atmosphere and oceans, textbooks tend to concentrate on the atmosphere, the ocean, or the theory of geophysical fluid dynamics (GFD). This textbook provides a comprehensive unified treatment of atmospheric and oceanic fluid dynamics. The book introduces the fundamentals of geophysical fluid dynamics, including rotation and stratification, vorticity and potential vorticity, and scaling and approximations. It discusses baroclinic and barotropic instabilities, wave-mean flow interactions and turbulence, and the general circulation of the atmosphere and ocean. Student problems and exercises are included at the end of each chapter. Atmospheric and Oceanic Fluid Dynamics: Fundamentals and Large-Scale Circulation will be an invaluable graduate textbook on advanced courses in GFD, meteorology, atmospheric science and oceanography, and an excellent review volume for researchers. Additional resources are available at www.cambridge.org/9780521849692.
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Effects of Rotation and Stratification
Shallow Water Systems and Isentropic Coordinates
Vorticity and Potential Vorticity
Simplified Equations for Ocean and Atmosphere
Barotropic and Baroclinic Instability
WaveMean Flow Interaction
Basic Theory of Incompressible Turbulence
Geostrophic Turbulence and Baroclinic Eddies
Turbulent Diffusion and Eddy Transport
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adiabatic advection approximation atmosphere baroclinic instability barotropic boundary conditions boundary layer Boussinesq buoyancy cascade component constant convection coordinates Coriolis deformation radius density derivative diffusion dissipation dynamics Eady problem eddy Ekman layer enstrophy equations of motion equatorwards ﬂow ﬂuid ﬂux forcing form drag friction function geostrophic balance given gives gradient Hadley Cell heat height horizontal hydrostatic ideal gas inertial integral interior isentropic isentropic surfaces isopycnals kinetic energy latitude linear mean flow meridional mid-latitude momentum equation non-dimensional nonlinear obtain ocean overturning circulation parameter perturbation polewards potential energy potential temperature potential vorticity potential vorticity flux pressure primitive equations quasi-geostrophic region right-hand side Rossby waves rotation scale shallow water shallow water equations shear solution steady stratification streamfunction suppose surface term thermal wind thermocline thermodynamic equation thickness tracer tropopause troposphere turbulence two-dimensional two-layer vector vertical velocity viscosity wavenumber western boundary zero zonally averaged