Compact Stars: Nuclear Physics, Particle Physics and General Relativity
Neutron stars are the smallest denses stars known, with densities some 1014 times that of the Earth. They rotate with periods of fractions of a second, and their magnetic fields drive intense interstellar dynamos, lighting up entire nebulae. This text discusses the physics of these extreme objects. It includes the needed background in classical general relativity in nuclear and particle physics.
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angular velocity approximation Astrophys atom baryon density baryon number black hole bound central density Chapter charge neutrality chemical potential collapse compact stars compression modulus configurations conserved core corresponding Coulomb covariant crust denote derived Dirac discussed effective mass Einstein electrons energy density expression Fermi energy field equations function g/cm gravitational field hadronic hadronic matter high density hyperons inertial frames interaction isospin Kepler frequency Lagrangian leptons limiting mass Lorentz mass limit massive maximum mass mixed phase momentum N. K. Glendenning neutrinos neutron matter neutron star matter neutron stars Newtonian nuclei nucleon number density Oppenheimer—Volkoff equations particle phase transition Phys pion pressure properties protoneutron star protons pulsars quark matter quark stars radiation radius region relativistic rotating star saturation density scalar Schwarzschild Section self-bound solution spacetime stable static stellar strange matter strange quark strange stars structure supernova surface symmetry energy unstable vanishes vector white dwarfs zero