The School of Rome: Latin Studies and the Origins of Liberal Education
This fascinating cultural and intellectual history focuses on education as practiced by the imperial age Romans, looking at what they considered the value of education and its effect on children. W. Martin Bloomer details the processes, exercises, claims, and contexts of liberal education from the late first century BCE to the third century CE—the epoch of rhetorical education. He examines the adaptation of Greek institutions, methods, and texts by the Romans, and traces the Romans’ own history of education. Bloomer argues that while Rome’s enduring educational legacy includes the seven liberal arts and a canon of school texts, its practice of competitive displays of reading, writing, and reciting were intended to instill in the young social as well as intellectual ideas.
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ancient argument Aristotle Avianus body boy’s Carneades cation Cato Cato’s censors century b.c. character child chreia Cicero composition Crassus curriculum declamation declamatory discussion Distichs Distichs of Cato early elder elder Seneca elite Ennius Etruscan experts fable father freedmen genre grammar Greek Hellenistic ideal imagined imitation imperatives important language Latin learning liberis educandis linguistic literary literature Livy male Marrou master maxims memory metaphor mode moral narrative one’s orator oratory perhaps persona philosophical play Plotius Gallus Plutarch poets practice present progymnasmata prose Pseudo-Plutarch puer Quintilian quod reader reading rhetorical rhetorician role Roman education Roman school Rome scholars school exercises schoolboy Scipio Seneca Seneca the Elder sententia simply slave social Socrates speaker speaking speech stage status story student style Suetonius teacher teaching term Theon tion tradition treatise verbal words writing young youth