Design and the Social Sciences: Making Connections

Front Cover
Jorge Frascara
CRC Press, Sep 2, 2003 - Technology & Engineering - 256 pages
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The social sciences have a distinctive contribution to make to the understanding and handling of design issues, both in product and systems design and in the design of the built environment. The role of cognitive psychology, particularly ergonomics, to the design process has traditionally been well appreciated. Because it provides important insights into the way people process information cognitively, it is a powerful tool for the design of usable products, buildings and systems.
This book explores the disciplines of social psychology, sociology and anthropology, which provide techniques for investigating the relationships between people and design, in assessing the role that products and the built environment play in peoples lives and in setting product requirements based on this understanding. These include ergonomic user requirements, such as usability and accessibility, and also functional and aesthetic issues which will determine the overall quality of a design in terms of how it is experienced. This means looking at the functional and ergonomic properties of a design and going beyond to issues relating to the fit of the design to the lifestyle and aspirations of those who experience it.
Written by specialists working at the front line in the consumer product industries - as well as by designers and applied theorists - the book describes new ways of understanding product development, innovation and design. Methods for the incorporation of user population in the design process are discussed and notions of use and experience, instead of forms and materials, serve as a basis to present the design of consumer products under a totally new light.
 

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Contents

1 From usercentered to participatory design approaches
1
2 Human factors for pleasure seekers
9
3 Communications artifacts
24
4 Peoplecentered design
33
5 Social sciences and design innovation
40
6 Design language
57
7 Design moves
66
8 Emotion and urban experience
83
13 The technical and the social in engineering education
146
14 Making connections
158
15 Appearance form and the retrieval of prior knowledge
167
16 The influence of affect on cognitive processes
179
17 Gendered spaces of domesticity
195
18 Social science as a design profession
202
19 Two weddings and still no funeral
208
20 Design and the social sciences
223

9 Wayfinding research and design
97
10 Preventing drug interactions in older adults
103
11 Fieldnotes from home
125
12 Research and design collaboration
135
21 Conclusions
234
Index
236
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