Rome and Baetica : Urbanization in Southern Spain c.50 BC-AD 150: Urbanization in Southern Spain c.50 BC-AD 150
This book examines the development of urban units and their relationship to the adoption of Roman cultural forms in the province of Baetica (roughly modern Andalusia) in the Early Imperial period. Its starting point is a general examination of the notion of `Romanization' followed by a discussion of whether a positivistic interpretation of this concept can be inferred from the development of various sorts of towns found in the province. The nature, implications, extent, and results of Vespasian's Latinitas in the Iberian peninsula are discussed in depth in this respect. The material remains of the province are also examined to see what light they can cast on the problem of `Romanization'. Finally, the degree to which non-Roman cultural forms persisted in the province is discussed with the implications that this may have for the cultural dynamics of the region. The conclusions attempt to draw together the results of these analyses and suggest that Roman Imperialism is best seen through a model which envisages the creation of new synthetic cultural forms rather than through the traditional model of Romanization and resistance.
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adoption of Roman aediles amphitheatre appears Astigi attested Augustan Augustus Baetica Baetis valley bath-house Belo building Caesar Carteia Celtic centre chapter Cicero cives Civil classical coins colonia colonial status communities concerned conventus Corduba cultural decemvir dedication duovir Emerita empire evidence example excavated Flavian Flavian Municipal Law Gades given Gonzalez Hadrian Hispalis Hispania Hispania Ulterior Iberian Ibid imperial period implies incolae inhabitants inscription Italica Iulia ius Latii large number Latin rights legal status legend Lex Irnitana Lusitania magistrates major Malaca Melqart monumental municipia municipium Munigua native Nevertheless nova urbs Ostippo peninsula perhaps Philostratus Pliny Pliny's population possible probably province Punic records reference region reign republican period Roman citizens Roman citizenship Roman customs Roman-style Rome second century seems seen settlement settlers shows Spain Strabo structure suggests Tacitus Tarraconensis temple theatre tomb town town's tribe Turdetania urban Urso Vespasian's grant