Crude Oil Chemistry
Crude Oil Chemistry is foremost a scientifically exact guide to the full family of classical and modern analytical and process technologies in petroleum refining. In widening its vision also to incorporate a geological history of petroleum formation, present-day geopolitical and economic issues, and approaches to redress and improve the delicate ties between the petroleum industry and the environment, this reference succeeds as a total representation of the factors going into the chemistry of crude oil and their outward bound ramifications. The book thoroughly evaluates the chemistry and processing of low API gravity high-sulfur heavy crude oil increasingly relied on in the industry.
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2 Modern Characterization and Analysis Techniques for Crude Oil
Part II REGIONAL PETROLEUM INDUSTRY
OPEC and NonOPEC
4 International Petroleum Companies
Part III MAIN PROCESSES IN THE PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY
5 Crude Oil Distillation
6 Processing of Light and Heavy Distillates
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absorption acid additives alkylation analysis analyzed aromatic asphaltenes atoms barrels per day British Petroleum calculated carbon catalyst catalytic cracking cetane chemical chemistry cleaning co-processing coke coke formation column combustion components compounds containing crude oil chemists crude oil residues density detector diesel fuel distillation droplets electrons emulsion energy engines equation evaluation example extraction ExxonMobil feedstock formed gas chromatography gases gasoline heat heavy heavy crude oil hydrocarbons hydrogen important increase infrared spectroscopy layer light liquid chromatography lubricating LUKOil material metals method million mixture mobile phase modern molecular weight molecule naphtha naphthenic nitrogen octane number OPEC oxidation oxygen paraffins particles plastics pollutants polycondensation possible pressure properties pump radiation Raman Raman spectroscopy reaction reactor rectification tower refinery Russian sample separation shown in Figure soluble solvent spectrometer structure substances sulfur surface temperature thermal cracking thermal treatment tray usually vacuum residue vapor velocity vibrational visbreaking viscosity