The Evolving Use and the Changing Role of Interstate Compacts: A Practitioner's Guide

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American Bar Association, 2006 - Law - 518 pages
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The Evolving Use and the Changing Role of Interstate Compacts is a long-needed guide to the law and use of interstate compacts. This book explains the historical basis of compacts and the legal underpinnings of compacts. It covers such diverse topics as federal and state court jurisdiction, compact-created administrative agencies, Eleventh Amendment immunity, drafting considerations, and the use of compacts in specific areas such as crime control, child welfare, environmental regulation and economic development. The book also examines why interstate compacts are providing to be the vehicle of choice for cooperation between states and provides practitioners with the tools they need to understand create and make the best use of such agreements.
 

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Contents

THE GENERAL LAW AND PRINCIPLES GOVERNING INTERSTATE COMPACTS
1
12 THE NATURE OF INTERSTATE COMPACTS
9
122 Contracts Between States
15
13 THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF INTERSTATE COMPACTS
25
14 IMPACT OF COMPACTS ON PRIVATE INTERESTS
30
THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENTS ROLE IN INTERSTATE COMPACTS
35
21 CONGRESSIONAL CONSENT REQUIREMENT
36
212 The Breadth and Limits of Congressional Consent
39
72 IMMUNITY WAIVER
170
73 NEGLIGENT SUPERVISION
171
74 42 USC SECTION 1983 LIABILITY
173
75 CHOICE OF LAWS ISSUES
174
76 STANDING
175
PRESENT TRENDS IN THE USE OF INTERSTATE COMPACTS
177
82 SUBSTANTIVE TRENDS
179
83 RECENT DEVELOPMENTS FUTURE COMPACT ACTIVITY
181

213 Withdrawal of Consent
42
214 Subsequent Legislative Action by Congress
43
215 When Is Congressional Consent Required?
47
216 The Effect of Congressional Consent on Court Jurisdiction
53
217 Contractual Nature of Compacts
64
22 FEDERAL PARTICIPATION IN COMPACTS
66
23 EFFECT OF CONGRESSIONAL CONSENT ON COMPACTCREATED AGENCIES
68
CREATING INTERSTATE COMPACTS
71
31 COMPACT MAKINGTHEN AND NOW
72
Negotiated Compacts
73
Compacts by Other Means
76
313 Case Studies in Compact Creation
80
3132 The New YorkNew Jersey Port Authority Compact of 1921
82
3133 The Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children
83
3134 The Emergency Management Assistance Compact
84
3135 The National Crime Prevention and Privacy Compact
85
3136 The Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision
87
FIVE KEYS TO SUCCESS
88
321 An Inclusive Process
89
322 An Effective Sales Pitch
90
323 A BroadBased Marketing Strategy
91
324 A Network of Champions
92
325 A Proactive Transition Plan
93
33 CONSIDERATIONS IN DRAFTING
94
331 General Considerations
95
332 Deciding What Goes In
96
333 Typical Provisions
98
3332 Substantive Terms of Agreement
99
3333 Compact Administration
100
3334 Agency Powers and Duties
102
3335 Finance
108
3336 Dispute Resolution and Enforcement
111
3337 Ancillary Matters
115
33372 Construction and Severability
116
33374 Withdrawal and Termination
118
33375 Relations with Nonparties
119
33376 Other Issues
120
334 Enabling Legislation
121
335 Resources for Drafters
122
COURT JURISDICTION OVER INTERSTATE COMPACTS
123
42 APPLICATION OF FEDERAL AND STATE LAW TO COMPACT DISPUTES
126
43 APPLICATION OF CONTRACT LAW TO COMPACTS
128
433 Mutual Consent or Meeting of the Minds
129
434 Consideration
130
436 Contract Interpretation
131
437 Parol Evidence
132
STRUCTURES FOR ADMINISTERING INTERSTATE COMPACTS
133
52 COMPACT ADMINISTRATORS NEW STATE ENTITIES
135
53 ADMINISTRATION BY ASSOCIATIONS
137
54 ADMINISTRATION BY INTERSTATE AGENCIES
140
ISSUES WITH THE ENFORCEMENT OF INTERSTATE COMPACTS
149
61 RECURRENT PROBLEMS WITH AND COMMON OBSTACLES TO ENFORCING COMPACTS
150
62 COMMON MISUNDERSTANDINGS ABOUT THE STATUS OF INTERSTATE COMPACTS
153
63 MATERIAL AND NONMATERIAL DIFFERENCES IN COMPACT STATUTES
154
64 CONFLICT WITH ESTABLISHED STATE LAWS
156
65 CONFLICTS BETWEEN COMPACTS AND FEDERAL STATUTORY OR REGULATORY LAW
157
67 JUDICIAL ENFORCEMENT OF INTERSTATE COMPACTS
158
671 Enforcement of Compacts by Federal Courts
159
673 The Effect of Conflicting State Court Decisions Relative to Member States
160
68 MEDIATION AND ARBITRATION OF COMPACT DISPUTES
161
610 REMEDIES IN THE ENFORCEMENT OF INTERSTATE COMPACTS
162
611 TEN POINTS A PRACTITIONER OR JUDGE SHOULD KNOW ABOUT ENFORCING INTERSTATE COMPACTS
163
SPECIAL PROBLEMS
165
832 Expanded Participation New Compacts
184
833 Continued Experimentation
186
834 New Fields Future Compacts
188
SURVEY OF THE CURRENT USES OF ADMINISTRATIVE COMPACTS
191
91 CRIME CONTROL AND CORRECTIONS COMPACTS
197
912 Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision ICAOS
199
913 Interstate Agreement on Detainers IAD
207
914 Interstate Compact on Juveniles ICJ
213
915 National Crime Prevention and Privacy Compact NCPPC
221
916 Driver License Compact DLC
224
917 Nonresident Violator Compact NRVC
231
918 Proposed Driver License Agreement DLA
236
92 CHILD WELFARE COMPACTS
238
922 Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children ICPC
240
923 Interstate Compact on Adoption and Medical Assistance ICAMA
250
93 HEALTH COMPACTS GENERALLY
255
94 ENVIRONMENTAL AND NATURAL RESOURCE COMPACTS
261
942 Interstate Compacts Concerning Waters Within the United States
263
9421 Allocation and Apportionment Compacts
266
94211 Arkansas River Compact
270
94212 Colorado River Compact
274
94213 Proposed Great Lakes Basin Water Resources Compact
278
94214 Issues That Affect Compacts Apportioning Interstate Water
279
94215 Endangered Species Act
281
94216 Unmistakable Terms Doctrine
286
94217 State Water Rights
287
94218 Modification of Interstate Compacts to Address Current and Future Water Needs
289
9422 Water Pollution and Water Quality
290
94221 New England Interstate Water Pollution Control Compact
292
94223 Ohio Valley River Sanitation Compact
293
943 LowLevel Radioactive Waste Compacts
295
9432 Current Status
297
9433 Conclusion
303
944 Solid WasteHazardous Waste Compacts
304
9441 Solid and Hazardous Waste Under RCRA
306
9442 Hazardous Waste Disposal Under CERCLA
307
9443 Conclusion
310
945 Air Quality and Air Pollution Compacts
311
946 Natural Resource Protection Compacts
320
9461 Scenic Areas and Wildlife Management
321
94612 Tahoe Regional Planning Compact TRPC
332
94613 Interstate Wildlife Violator Compact
340
94614 Fishery Resource Management
344
94615 Connecticut River Atlantic Salmon Compact
345
94616 OregonWashington Columbia River Fish Compact
346
94617 Atlantic Interstate Fisheries Compact Maryland and Virginia Potomac River Compact of 1958
351
94618 Pacific Marine Fisheries Compact
353
94619 Gulf States Marine Fisheries Compact
354
9462 River Basin and Watershed Resources Compacts
355
94622 Survey of Interstate Compacts Addressing Water Basins
359
94624 Potomac River Basin Interstate Compact
360
94625 Great Lakes Compact
361
94626 Delaware River Basin Compact
362
947 Conclusion
365
95 REGIONAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND TRANSPORTATION COMPACTS
366
952 New YorkNew Jersey Port Authority Compact
368
953 BiState Metropolitan Development District Compact Missouri and Illinois
370
954 Washington Metropolitan Area Transportation Compacts
373
96 TAX COMPACTS GENERALLY
388
97 EDUCATION COMPACTS GENERALLY
394
INDEX OF INTERSTATE ADMINISTRATIVE COMPACTS
397
INDEX
493
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