The Sanskrit Language
The Sanskrit Language presents a systematic and comprehensive historical account of the developments in phonology and morphology. This is the only book in English which treats the structure of the Sanskrit language in its relation to the other Indo-European languages and throws light on the significance of the discovery of Sanskrit. It is this discovery that contributed to the study of the comparative philology of the Indo-European languages and eventually the whole science of modern linguistics. Besides drawing on the works of Brugmann and Wackernagel, Professor Burrow incorporates in this book material from Hittite and taking into account various verbal constructions as found in Hittite, he relates the perfect form of Sanskrit to it. The profound influence that the Dravidian languages had on the structure of the Sanskrit language has also been presented lucidly and with a balanced perspective. In a nutshell, the present work can be called, without exaggeration, a pioneering endeavour in the field of linguistics and Indology.
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accent according action nouns active addition adjectival adjectives adverbs alternation ancient aorist appears Aryan become beginning beside classical clear combination common comparative compound connection corresponding declension derived dialects earlier early element elsewhere ending evidence examples existence extension feminine final formations function further gerund Goth grade Greek guņa hand Hitt Hittite IE languages India Indo Indo-Aryan Indo-European Indo-Iranian inflection Iranian language later Lith masc masculine meaning middle n-stems namely neuter nominal normal nouns occur opposed original participles perfect period Pers person plural present preserved primary radical rare reduplication remains represented root rule Sanskrit secondary seen sense shows similar simple singular stems strong suffix termination thematic tion usual various Vedic Vedic language verb verbal vowel weak
Page 6 - The Sanskrit language, whatever be its antiquity, is of a wonderful structure; more perfect than the Greek, more copious than the Latin, and more exquisitely refined than either, yet bearing to both of them a stronger affinity, both in the roots of verbs and in the forms of grammar, than could possibly have been produced by accident; so strong indeed, that no philologer could examine them all three, without believing them to have sprung from some common source, which, perhaps, no longer exists...
Page 6 - ... some common source, which, perhaps, no longer exists: there is a similar reason, though not quite so forcible, for supposing that both the Gothick and the Celtick, though blended with a very different idiom, had the same origin with the Sanscrit; and the old Persian might be added to the same family, if this were the place for discussing any question concerning the antiquities of Persia.