Science and Homosexualities

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Vernon A. Rosario, M.D.
Routledge, Jan 11, 2013 - Social Science - 320 pages
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Science and Homosexualities is the first anthology by historians of science to examine European and American scientific research on sexual orientation since the coining of the word "homosexual" almost 150 years ago. This collection is particularly timely given the enormous scientific and popular interest in biological studies of homosexuality, and the importance given such studies in current legal, legislative and cultural debates concerning gay civil rights. However, scientific and popular literature discussing the biology of sexual orientation have been short-sighted in representing it as objective, new scientific work. This volume demonstrates that the quest for the biological "cause" of homosexuality and other sexualities is as old as the term itself. These essays explore the active role experimental subjects played in shaping scientific theories of homosexuality and cultural perceptions of sexuality and sexual identity. Finally this anthology studies the way in which this doctor-patient interaction shaped not only scientific theories of homosexuality, but also cultural perceptions and self-identities as well.

Contributors include: Garland E. Allen, Erin G. Carlston, Julian Carter, Alice D. Dreger, Anne Fausto-Sterling, Margaret Gibson, Stephanie Kenen, Hubert Kennedy, Harry Oosterhuis, James Steakley, Richard Pillard, Jennifer Terry

 

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Contents

Genetic Nostalgias and the Quest for Paternity
1
Karl Heinrich Ulrichs First Theorist of Homosexuality
26
The Truth of the Gonads
46
Psychiatry and the Making of Homosexual Identity
67
Novelizing FindeSiècle Homosexuality
89
Body Metaphors and American Doctors Constructions of Female Homosexuality 18701900
108
Magnus Hirschfeld and the Sexual Politics of Innate Homosexuality
133
Evolutionary Sexology and the Primitive Pervert
155
Who Counts When Youre Counting Homosexuals? Hormones and Homosexuality in MidTwentiethCentury America
197
How to Build a Man
219
The Search for a Genetic Influence on Sexual Orientation
226
Social and Political Agendas in Genetic Studies of Homosexuality 19401994
242
The Seductive Power of Science in the Making of Deviant Subjectivity
271
Notes on Contributors
297
Index
300
Copyright

Female Homosexuality and the American Medical Community 19261940
177

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About the author (2013)

Vernon A. Rosario II, M.D. teaches at the University of Pennsylvania.

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