Neither Right Nor Left: Fascist Ideology in France

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Princeton University Press, 1996 - History - 416 pages
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"Few books on European history in recent memory have caused such controversy and commotion, " wrote Robert Wohl in 1991 in a major review of Neither Right nor Left. Listed by Le Monde as one of the forty most important books published in France during the 1980s, this explosive work asserts that fascism was an important part of the mainstream of European history, not just a temporary development in Germany and Italy but a significant aspect of French culture as well. Neither right nor left, fascism united antibourgeois, antiliberal nationalism, and revolutionary syndicalist thought, each of which joined in reflecting the political culture inherited from eighteenth-century France. From the first, Sternhell's argument generated strong feelings among people who wished to forget the Vichy years, and his themes drew enormous public attention in 1994, as Paul Touvier was condemned for crimes against humanity and a new biography probed President Mitterand's Vichy connections. The author's new preface speaks to the debates of 1994 and reinforces the necessity of acknowledging the past, as President Chirac has recently done on France's behalf."Few books on European history in recent memory have caused such controversy and commotion, " wrote Robert Wohl in 1991 in a major review of Neither Right nor Left. Listed by Le Monde as one of the forty most important books published in France during the 1980s, this explosive work asserts that fascism was an important part of the mainstream of European history, not just a temporary development in Germany and Italy but a significant aspect of French culture as well. Neither right nor left, fascism united antibourgeois, antiliberal nationalism, andrevolutionary syndicalist thought, each of which joined in reflecting the political culture inherited from eighteenth-century France. From the first, Sternhell's argument generated strong feelings among people who wished to forget the Vichy years, and his themes drew enormous public attention in 1994, as Paul Touvier was condemned for crimes against humanity and a new biography probed President Mitterand's Vichy connections. The author's new preface speaks to the debates of 1994 and reinforces the necessity of acknowledging the past, as President Chirac has recently done on France's behalf.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
From One Prewar Period to Another
32
The Revolution of the Moralists
66
Georges Valois
90
The Ethical
119
A Socialism for the Entire Nation
142
Planism or Socialism Without a Proletariat
187
Spiritualistic Fascism
213
Conclusion
266
Notes
305
Bibliography
381
Index
401
Copyright

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About the author (1996)

Professeur a l'Universite hebraique de Jerusalem, Zeev Sternhell est le plus connu en Occident des historiens israeliens. De "Ni droite ni gauche" a "La Droite revolutionnaire", il a passe sa vie a elucider les causes de l'antisemitisme en France (ses ouvrages ont ete regroupes chez Fayard en 2000 en une grande trilogie). Il est aussi l'auteur de "Aux origines d'Israel" (Fayard, 1992).photo: (c) Louis Monier

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