The Humanitarians: The International Committee of the Red Cross
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) coordinates the world's largest private relief system for conflict situations. Its staff operates throughout the world, and in recent years the ICRC has mounted large operations in the Balkans and Somalia. Yet despite its very important role its internal workings are mysterious and often secretive. This book examines the ICRC from its origins in the mid-nineteenth century up to the present day, and provides a comprehensive overview of a unique private organisation, whose governing body remains all-Swiss, but which is recognized in international law as if it were an inter-governmental organization. David Forsythe focuses on the policy making and field work of the ICRC, while not ignoring international humanitarian law. He explores how it exercises its independence, impartiality, and neutrality to try to protect prisoners in Iraq, displaced and starving civilians in Somalia, and families separated by conflict in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. David Forsythe received the Distinguished Scholar Award for 2007 from the Human Rights Section of the American Political Science Association.
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abuse active actors Afghanistan agencies Amnesty International Balkans Berne Bugnion chapter civilians Cold War combat concern cooperation Croix-Rouge detainees detention visits diplomacy diplomatic conference Directorate discreet Dunant's Dream efforts especially Federation fighting parties Freymond Geneva Conventions genocide Gitmo Henry Dunant Huber human dignity Human Rights humanitarian protection ICRC Archives ICRC Assembly ICRC delegates ICRC officials ICRC President ICRC's impartial independent international armed conflict International Committee international humanitarian law international law international relations International Review interrogation Iraq Iraqi Israel Israeli issues Jacques Moreillon Kellenberger military Morehead Moreillon Moynier National Societies Nazi neutral humanitarianism Nigerian civil war operations organization personnel persons political principles prisoners prisoners of war Protocol Red Crescent Red Cross Conference Red Cross Movement refugees regarding relief role Second World Second World War Somalia Sommaruga Soviet staff Swiss national Tansley Tansley Report tion traditional treaty UNHCR United Nations University Press various victims violations
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