The combination of readily available computing power and progress in numerical techniques has made nonlinear systems - the kind that only a few years ago were ignored as too complex - open to analysis for the first time. Now realistic models of living systems incorporating the nonlinear variation and anisotropic nature of physical properties can be solved numerically on modern computers to give realistically usable results. This has opened up new and exciting possibilities for the fusing of ideas from physiology and engineering in the burgeoning new field that is biomechanics. Computational Biomechanics presents pioneering work focusing on the areas of orthopedic and circulatory mechanics, using experimental results to confirm or improve the relevant mathematical models and parameters. Together with two companion volumes, "Biomechanics: " "Functional Adaptation and Remodeling" and the "Data Book on" "Mechanical Properties of Living Cells, Tissues, and Organs," this monograph will prove invaluable to those working in fields ranging from medical science and clinical medicine to biomedical engineering and applied mechanics.
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Tanaka and T Adachi
List of Contributors
Functional Adaptation of Mandibular Bone
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actin active stress airway alveolar bone arterial artificial knee joint ASME J Biomech assumed axial basilar membrane behavior Biomech Biomech Eng Biomechanics blood flow bone density bone remodeling Ca2+ calculated canine cells Cobb angle cochlea computational configuration constitutive model contact stress contact surface coordinate curve cyclic deformation dynamic elastic equation experimental results Figure flow theory fluid frequency function Fung YC G-actin geometry human mandible left ventricle loading lung mandible mandibular material constants maximum measured method motion muscle fiber myosin myosin head nonlinear numerical results OAEs obtained OHCs orthodontic osteoclasts otoacoustic emissions parameters Ph(t pulmonary quasi-steady relationship residual stress resorption sagittal sarcomere scoliosis scoliotic spine shear stress shown in Fig shows sliding strain stress distribution stress level stretch ratio structure tension TEOAEs three-dimensional tion tissue tooth movement UHMWPE UHMWPE articular plate vascular velocity ventricular walls vertebral body viscoelastic wear Young's modulus