Health, Science, and Ordinary Language

Front Cover
Rodopi, 2001 - Science - 235 pages
This book is a contribution to the current philosophical discussion on the nature of health and illness. It contains a comparative analysis and reevaluation of four influential contemporary theories in this field. These are the biostatistical theory of Christopher Boorse which represents the mainstream thinking in medicine, and three versions of a holistic and normative understanding of health and illness which are the theories of Lawrie Reznek, K. W. M. Fulford, and Lennart Nordenfelt. In this unusual volume of assessment, Nordenfelt critically reexamines his own theory, and George Khushf and K. W. M. Fulford contribute critical responses.
 

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Contents

One Introduction
3
Disease
11
The Idea of a Pathological Disease
18
Preliminary Conclusions Conceming Boorses Project
24
The Medical Paradigm
30
Rezneks Definitions of Pathological Condition and Disease
37
Concluding Remarks on Rezneks Theory of Disease
50
Introduction
53
On the Relation between Health and Happiness
108
Part Two Two Commentaries by George Khushf
121
Positivist Science and the Paradigm of Biomedicine
135
The Biostatistical Disease Concept as a Condition of Medical
143
Sustaining Practical
149
Establishing Debate
157
OrdinaryLanguage Philosophy and the Role of Values
183
OrdinaryLanguage Philosophy and Scientific Research
190

Nordenfehs Welfare Theory of Health
63
A Comparison between the Theories of Fulford and Nordenfelt
72
On the Notion of Ability
88
On Medical Goodness and the Values Attached to Health
100
A Collaborative Approach
204
References
215
About the Authors
227
Copyright

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Page 11 - A disease is a type of internal state which is either an impairment of normal functional ability, ie, a reduction of one or more functional abilities below typical efficiency, or a limitation on functional ability caused by environmental agents.
Page 11 - Boorse presents the following definitions: 1 . The reference class is a natural class of organisms of uniform functional design; specifically, an age group of a sex of a species. 2. A normal function of a part or process within members of the reference class is a statistically typical contribution by it to their individual survival and reproduction. 3. A disease is a type of...
Page 8 - A disease is an illness only if it is serious enough to be incapacitating, and therefore is (i) undesirable for its bearer; (ii) a title to special treatment; and (iii) a valid excuse for normally criticizable behavior.

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