Health, Science, and Ordinary Language
This book is a contribution to the current philosophical discussion on the nature of health and illness. It contains a comparative analysis and reevaluation of four influential contemporary theories in this field. These are the biostatistical theory of Christopher Boorse which represents the mainstream thinking in medicine, and three versions of a holistic and normative understanding of health and illness which are the theories of Lawrie Reznek, K. W. M. Fulford, and Lennart Nordenfelt. In this unusual volume of assessment, Nordenfelt critically reexamines his own theory, and George Khushf and K. W. M. Fulford contribute critical responses.
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On the Relation between Health and Happiness
Part Two Two Commentaries by George Khushf
Positivist Science and the Paradigm of Biomedicine
The Biostatistical Disease Concept as a Condition of Medical
OrdinaryLanguage Philosophy and the Role of Values
OrdinaryLanguage Philosophy and Scientific Research
abnormal altemative analysis analytic philosophy Axiology basic bodily Boorse Boorse's cause Chapter characterization clinical concems concept of disease concept of health condition criticism debate defined definition delusion descriptive disability disease concept diseasehood distinction dysfunction Ethics evaluative failure of action failure of ordinary Fulford function harm health and disease health and illness health concepts human idea identify ill health instance intemal Khushf kind language logical logical positivism means medical classifications medical concepts medical paradigm Medical Practice medicine mental health mental illness minimal happiness Models Project modem Moral Theory natural Nordenfelt normal normative normativism nosologies notion of disease notion of illness notions of health ordinary-language philosophy pathological person philosophy of medicine philosophy of science positivist presuppose problem psychiatry psychopathology reasons relation Reznek role schizophrenia scientific sense social suffering theoretical Theory and Medical theory of health tion Tony Colombo traditional value theory value-neutral values vital goals volume
Page 11 - A disease is a type of internal state which is either an impairment of normal functional ability, ie, a reduction of one or more functional abilities below typical efficiency, or a limitation on functional ability caused by environmental agents.
Page 11 - Boorse presents the following definitions: 1 . The reference class is a natural class of organisms of uniform functional design; specifically, an age group of a sex of a species. 2. A normal function of a part or process within members of the reference class is a statistically typical contribution by it to their individual survival and reproduction. 3. A disease is a type of...
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Rationality and Compulsion: Applying Action Theory to Psychiatry
No preview available - 2007