The Vegetable Kingdom; Or, The Structure, Classification, and Uses of Plants: Illustrated Upon the Natural System

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Bradbury & Evans, 1853 - Botany - 984 pages
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Page 138 - ... as it acquires solidity, till at last it is almost as hard as ivory. The liquor contained in the young fruits becomes acid if they are cut from the tree and kept some time. From the kernels the Indians fashion the knobs of walking-sticks, the reels of spindles, and little toys, which are whiter than ivory, and as hard, if they are not put under water ; and if they are, they become white and hard again when dried. Bears devour the young fruit with avidity.
Page 38 - Small deep-coloured specimens, thickly covered with warts, are also said to be more powerful than those of a larger size and paler colour. The usual mode of taking the Fungus is, to roll it up like a bolus, and swallow it without chewing, which, the Kamchatkadales say, would disorder the stomach.
Page 271 - A branch is cut, corresponding to the length and diameter of the sack wanted. It is soaked a little, and then beaten with clubs until the inner bark separates from the wood.
Page 340 - ... either equal in number to the petals, and alternate with them, or, if more numerous, some regular multiple of the petals.
Page xii - Its object is to give a concise view of the state of Systematical Botany at the present day, to show the relation or supposed relation of one group of plants to another, to explain their geographical distribution, and to point out the various uses to which the species are applied in different countries.
Page 38 - It is said that, from time immemorial, the inhabitants have known that the Fungus imparts an intoxicating quality to that secretion, which continues for a considerable time after taking it. For instance, a man moderately intoxicated to-day will, by the next morning, have slept himself sober, but (as is the custom), by taking a teacup of his urine he will be more powerfully intoxicated than he was the preceding day.
Page 321 - The tree has, moreover, the property of rendering the toughest animal substances tender by causing a separation of the muscular fibre — its very vapor even does this ; newly killed meat suspended over the leaves, and even old hogs and poultry, when fed on the leaves and fruit, become ' tender in a few hours !'
Page 111 - The grains which extend farthest to the north in Europe are barley and oats. These, which in the milder climates are not used for bread, afford to the inhabitants of the northern parts of Norway and Sweden, of a part of Siberia and Scotland, their chief vegetable nourishment.
Page 34 - I have counted above 10,000,000), so subtle (they are scarcely visible to the naked eye, and often resemble thin smoke), so light (raised, perhaps, by evaporation into the atmosphere), and are dispersed in so many ways, (by the attraction of the sun, by insects, wind, elasticity, &c.), that it is difficult to conceive a place from which they can be excluded.
Page 378 - ... is one of the species most known as yielding the Rhatany root of commerce, but all the species (of Krameria), as far as known, are intensely astringent. In Peru an extract is made from this species which is a mild, easily assimilated astringent medicine, possessed of great power in passive, bloody or mucous discharges...

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