## The Principles of Chemical Equilibrium: With Applications in Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringThis is the fourth edition of an established textbook of chemical thermodynamics used by university and technical college students of chemistry and chemical engineering. The text covers the same ground as previous editions, presenting the general theory of chemical equilibrium, including its statistical development, and illustrating its many applications in the laboratory and industry. This edition has been extensively revised in the light of recent contributions to the literature. Many new references have been added; the re-writing of certain passages, especially of those concerning the statistical interpretation of entropy and the present understanding of order-disorder transitions, also reflects changes of emphasis. |

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### Contents

First and Second Laws | 3 |

Problems | 60 |

Auxiliary Functions and Conditions of Equilibrium | 63 |

H A and G | 76 |

Problems | 106 |

Problems | 130 |

mixtures | 146 |

Problems | 177 |

Reaction Equilibrium in Solution Electrolytes | 292 |

volume concentration scales | 298 |

the electrolyte | 304 |

Problems | 327 |

Statistical Analogues of Entropy and Free Energy | 333 |

Problem | 360 |

Problems | 396 |

Problems | 427 |

### Common terms and phrases

according activity coefficient amount apply approximation assumed atoms body calculated cell chapter chemical potential complete component composition concentration Consider constant containing corresponding course crystal curve defined depends determined difference differential discussed effect enthalpy entropy equal equation equilibrium example expressed fact final follows formation free energy function given gives hand heat heat capacity hydrogen ideal increase independent integration internal ions known levels liquid means measured mixing mixture molality molar mole fraction molecular molecules noted obtain occur partial pressure particular phase positive possible present properties pure quantity quantum question reaction refer regarded relation respectively result reversible separation shown shows side solid solution solvent species standard statistical substance Substituting supposed taken temperature temperature and pressure theory thermodynamic unit unity usually vapour variables volume written zero