The Archaeology of the Eastern Nevada Paleoarchaic: The Sunshine Locality
Charlotte Beck, George Thomas Jones
University of Utah Press, 2009 - History - 262 pages
University of Utah Anthropological Paper No. 126
The Sunshine Locality in the geographic center of the Great Basin has been the focus of scientific research since the mid-1960s. Authors Charlotte Beck and George T. Jones began studies there in 1992 and carried out excavations between 1993 and 1997 with the assistance of Hamilton College Field School. The area has yielded a rich and varied collection of diagnostic lithic tools, including fluted and unfluted lanceolate projectile points and a crescent, and a variety of gravers, scrapers, notches, and other tools common in Paleoindian toolkits across North America.
This volume provides the first comprehensive treatment that combines historical research with the more recent studies. Analysis and interpretations of the stratigraphic sequence in Sunshine Wash are presented, including analyses of sedimentary textures and structure, depositional processes, and chronology. Faunal remains are used to evaluate local and regional environmental changes. Finally, the authors address the nature of the processes that created the archaeological record at Sunshine Locality, its age, and whether artifacts and remains of extinct mammals also recovered at the site are associated. This work begins to answer unresolved questions about the paleoenvironmental resources of the Sunshine Locality.
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List of Figures ix 5 Artifact Analysis
List of Tables xiii
Introduction 1 7 Faunal Remains from the Sunshine Locality
2 other sections not shown
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1993 excavation Abrasion alluvial alluvium Archaic artifacts Backhoe Trench basal width base Basin Stemmed Series Beaked Scrapers Beck and Jones beveling biface reduction flakes blade bones breakage Butte Valley camel Camelops chert Clovis points Concave Scraper Cougar Mountain deposits Edge Angles end scrapers End/Side exhibit faunal Figure fluted points Folsom Folsom points Gatecliff GBSS gravers H-N collection hafted Hamilton College Hamilton College Collection Hutchinson and Noyes identified Indeterminate Lake Mohave Lake Mohave points Loader Trench loam Long Valley Midsection Notch obsidian Ovate Paleoarchaic Parman percent Pinto Pleistocene pressure flaking production bifaces projectile points proximal Quantitative Data radiocarbon dates Range Raw Material rcy bp recovered represented resharpening sand sediments side scrapers Silver Lake slug scrapers specimens stemmed points Strat Trench strata stratigraphic Stratum Stratum F/G Subtotal suggest Sunshine assemblage Sunshine Locality Sunshine Wash surface Table thickness tion Total unifacial unit use-wear variables Windust