Maintenance of Way and Structures

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McGraw-Hill book comapny, Incorporated, 1915 - Railroads - 451 pages
 

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Contents

General Organization of Railways
12
Departmental Organization
13
Divisional Organization
14
Maintcnanceofway organization N Y C H R R R
15
General Organization of the Maintenanceofway Department
16
General Rules
17
Organization of the Section Forces
22
Unusual Trackforce Organization on the Union Pacific
24
The Extra Gang
25
Safety First among Maintenanceofway Employees
27
CHAPTER III
29
Widths of Roadbed for Single Track
30
Minimum widths for singletrack roadbed
31
Roadway
32
Formation of Embankments
34
Extra width of settling fills
35
Extra height and width for new fills
36
Embankments across Unstable Ground
37
Drainage
39
Roadway drains
40
Slides
43
Washouts
45
Sidewash along Streams
46
Purposes of Ballast
48
Properties of Ballast
49
Materials Used for Ballast Ballast Sections
51
Standard roadbed drainage X Y C H R R R
52
Broken Stone Ballast
53
Ballast section for stone and hard slag Class A track B O R R
54
Cleaning Ballast
55
Broken Stone Ballast Plants and Cost of Stone Ballast
56
Gravel Ballast
57
Ballast sections for gravel cinders etc A R E A
58
Gravel Ballast Washing Plants
59
Slag Ballast
60
Burnt Clay Ballast
61
Cinder Ballast
62
Earth Ballast
63
Quantity of Ballast Required
64
Volume of Ballast Required per Mile of Line St L S F R R
65
Ballast sections Class A track St L 8 F R R 05
66
CHAPTER V
67
Definitions
68
Tiewoods and their Properties
69
Spikeholding Power of Various Woods
71
Size and Spacing
72
Bridgeties
73
Single Renewals versus Renewals in Continuous Stretches
75
Inspection and Requisitions
76
Instructions for Tieinspection and renewals Buffalo Rochester and Pitts burgh Railway
78
Specifications for Ties
80
Conditions Affecting the Life of Ties
81
Different methods of piling untreated ties
82
vii
83
Tierecords
84
Marking Ties
85
Cost and Life
86
CHAPTER VI
89
Steel Ties
90
Carnegie Steel Tie
91
Universal Steel Tie
92
Other Steel Ties
93
Steel tie of the National Railways of Mexico
94
Life of Steel Ties
95
Composite Ties
96
Snyder steel tie composite tie
97
Concrete Ties
98
Economics of Ties 74 Total Capitalization
99
Annual Cost
101
Equivalent Cost
103
CHAPTER VII
105
Early History of Wood Preserving
106
Growth of the Industry
107
General Considerations
108
Ties in seasoningyard at timbertreating plant
109
Preservatives
110
Creosote
112
Lowry Process
113
Boiling Process
114
Zinc Chloride
115
Creosote and Zinc Chloride Combined
117
Opentank and Brush Processes of Treating
118
Woodpreserving Plants
120
Interior of retorthouse Canada Crcosoting Co Ltd Trenton Ont
121
Timber Piles
122
Woodpreserving plant of the Santo Fc at Somerville Texas
123
Life of Timber Piles
125
CHAPTER VIII
127
Development of the Present Sections
128
A S C E Rail Sections Between pp 129130
129
100lb P S rail section of the Pennsylvania Railroad
130
Vignole rail of the Paris Lyons and Mediterranean Railway
131
Chemical Composition
132
Alloysteel Rails
133
Manufacture
134
Fig Paoe 44 Different stages in the rolling of a rail
135
Sound Ingots
136
Branding
137
Inspection
138
Individual Millpractice of Stamping Steel Rails
139
Tests
140
Special Sections
141
Length
142
Rail Failures
143
Rail showing segregation and otherwise unsound steeltoo little cropping of the ingot
144
Crushed headunsound steel
145
Longitudinal fissure in headunsound steel
146
Classification for Track Purposes
147
T13 Life and Wear
148
Girder Rails
150
CHAPTER IX
151
Types of Joints
152
Splicejoints
153
Types of Joint or Splicebars
154
A S C E angle splicebar for 90lb rail
155
Duquesne splicebar for 90lb A S C E rail
156
Bonzano joint for 100lb P S rail
157
Weber joint on frictionless rail D L W R R
158
Railanchors
159
Weight of Splicebars
160
Stepjoints
161
Welded Joints
162
Insulated Joints
163
Improved Neafie insulated joint D L W R R
164
Railjoints at the Ends of Steel Bridges
165
Trackbolts and Nuts
166
Nutlocks and Locknuts
168
CHAPTER X
169
Development of Tieplates
170
Classification of Tieplates
171
Description of Plates in Use
172
Sellers Anchor Bottom tieplate
173
Tieplugs
182
Screwspikes
183
Installation Maintenance and Service of Screwspikes
184
Page
185
Rail Creeping
187
Railanchors
188
Economy in the Use of Railanchors
191
Other Track Fastenings 149 Railbraces
192
Guardrails
193
Railchairs
195
Shims
196
Tiebars
197
CHAPTER XI
198
The Effect of Irregularities in the Track
201
The Effect of Irregularities in the Rollingstock
202
Rocking of the Locomotive on Its Springs
207
Total Dynamic Augment
209
Example
210
Stresses in the Rail
211
Stresses in the Track Fastenings
212
Stresses in the Tie
213
Safe Allowable Working Unit Stresses in Pounds per Square Inch for Timber
214
Pressure on the Ballast
216
Pressure on the Subgrade
217
Safe Bearing Power of Soils
219
CHAPTER XII
220
Life of Ten Steel Bridges
221
Increase in Trainloads on Ten Railways
222
Locomotive Axle Loads
223
Car Axle Loads
224
Speed of Trains
225
Special Types of Track
227
Special Track in Tunnels
228
English Track on the Pennsylvania Railroad
230
CHAPTER XIII
231
Signs Used to Mark Special Points
233
Fixed Signals
238
Danger Warning Awardsigns and Stationname Sings
241
Fences
244
Wingfences and Stockguards
247
Highway Crossings
250
Snowfences
251
CHAPTER XIV
254
Watertanks
255
Watercolumns
256
Tracktanks
257
Coaling Stations
260
Sand for Locomotives
263
Enginehouses
267
Turntables and Wye tracks
269
Maintenanceofway Buildings
272
Stockyards
278
Stationbuildings
280
Snowsheds
282
Bumpingposts and Carstops
283
Telltales
285
Mailcranes
286
Miscellaneous Accessories
287
CHAPTER XV
291
Protection of Iron and Steel Structures
292
Solidfloor Bridges
293
Types of Ballast Decks for Trestles
296
Superelevation on Bridges
298
Pile and Frame Trestle Bridges
301
Pipe Culverts
304
Arch Culverts
305
Box Culverts and Open Drains
309
CHAPTER XVI
311
Switches Allowing Continuous Main Rails
314
Frogs
315
Frog Angles for No 4 to No 12 Frogs
316
Rigid Frogs
317
Springrail Frogs
318
Movablepoint and Special Frogs
320
Crossings
321
Guardrails
322
Derailing Switches and Derails
325
The Design of Turnouts
328
Locating Turnouts
329
Data for Laying Out Turnouts Crossovers and Ladders 33Q
330
Data for Locating Turnouts by Offsets
332
Switchstands
334
CHAPTER XVII
336
Shimming
337
Ditching
338
Renewing Ties
339
Middle Ordinates in Inches for Curving Rails
341
Ballasting
343
Surfacing
344
Superelevation
345
Elevation of Outer Rail on Curves
346
Lining
347
Clearing Cleaning and Policing
348
Miscellaneous Maintenance Work
349
Inspection of Track
350
Maintenanceofway Painting
351
Inspection of Bridges
352
Inspection of Buildings
354
Removal of Snow and Ice
355
CHAPTER XVIII
358
Tools for the Sectiongang
359
Tools for Handling Ties
362
Tools for Handling Rails
363
Tools for Handling Track and Track Fastenings
369
Trackgages and Tracklevels
372
Miscellaneous Tools
374
Roadway and Track Supplies
376
Handcars Handvelocipedes and Pushcars
377
Motorcars for Maintenance Work
379
Work Equipment
380
Snowhandling Machines
387
Rental of Equipment
388
CHAPTER XIX
389
Track General and Construction Forms
390
Accounting and Record Forms
392
Maps and Profiles
394
Rightofway and Track Map
396
Profiles
397
Conventional Signs
399
Storehouses
400
CHAPTER XX
405
Primary Accounts of Road
406
Maintenance of Way and Structures
411
Classification of the Cost of Repairs
412
Primary Accounts of Maintenance of Way and Structures
413
CHAPTER XXI
417
Maintenance of Structures Program
418
Maintenance of Way Program
421
Execution of the Work
422
Index 425
425
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