Molecular Evolution and Adaptive Radiation

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Thomas J. Givnish, Kenneth J. Sytsma
Cambridge University Press, May 8, 2000 - Science - 621 pages
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Molecular Evolution and Adaptive Radiation surveys recent advances in the study of adaptive radiation by bringing together a set of international experts investigating a wide range of organisms in a variety of geographic settings. Givnish and Sytsma show how family trees derived from molecular characters can be used to analyze the origin and pattern of ecological and morphological diversification within a lineage in a noncircular fashion. They synthesize the recent explosion of research in this area, involving organisms as diverse as epiphytic and terrestrial orchids, water hyacinths, African cichlids, New World monkeys, tropical fruit bats, carnivorous bromeliads, Hawaiian silverswords and fruit flies, North American Daphnia, Caribbean anoles, Canadian sticklebacks, and Australian marsupials. This volume will be of interest to graduate students and professional scientists in ecology, evolutionary biology, systematics, and biogeography.
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
HOMOPLASY IN MOLECULAR VS MORPHOLOGICAL DATA THE LIKELIHOOD OF CORRECT PHYLOGENETIC INFERENCE
55
INTEGRATIVE STUDIES
103
THE CHRONICLE OF MARSUPIAL EVOLUTION
129
EVOLUTIONARY ORIGINS OF PHENOTYPIC DIVERSITY IN DAPHNIA
163
EVOLUTIONARY TRENDS IN THE ECOLOGY OF NEW WORLD MONKEYS INFERRED FROM A COMBINED PHYLOGENETIC ANALYSIS ...
189
ADAPTIVE RADIATION IN THE AQUATIC PLANT FAMILY PONTEDERIACEAE INSIGHTS FROM PHYLOGENETIC ANALYSIS
225
MOLECULAR EVOLUTION AND ADAPTIVE RADIATION IN BROCCHINIA BROMELIACEAE PITCAIRNIOIDEAE ATOP TEPUIS OF THE G...
259
RAPID RADIATION DUE TO A KEY INNOVATION IN COLUMBINES RANUNCULACEAE AQUILEGIA
391
ORIGIN AND EVOLUTION OF ARGYRANTHEMUM ASTERACEAE ANTHEMIDEAE IN MACARONESIA
407
REPRODUCTIVE STRATEGIES
433
PHYLOGENETIC PERSPECTIVES ON THE EVOLUTION OF DIOECY ADAPTIVE RADIATION IN THE ENDEMIC HAWAIIAN GENERA SC...
455
ECOLOGICAL AND REPRODUCTIVE SHIFTS IN THE DIVERSIFICATION OF THE ENDEMIC HAWAIIAN DROSOPHILA
475
HISTORY OF ECOLOGICAL SELECTION IN STICKLEBACKS UNITING EXPERIMENTAL AND PHYLOGENETIC APPROACHES
511
PHYLOGENETIC STUDIES OF CONVERGENT ADAPTIVE RADIATIONS IN CARIBBEAN ANOLIS LIZARDS
535
MOLECULAR AND MORPHOLOGICAL EVOLUTION DURING THE POSTPALAEOZOIC DIVERSIFICATION OF ECHINOIDS
559

YOU ARENT ALWAYS WHAT YOU EAT EVOLUTION OF NECTARFEEDING AMONG OLD WORLD FRUITBATS MEGACHIROPTERA PTE...
313
LEAPFROG RADIATION IN FLORAL AND VEGETATIVE TRAITS AMONG TWIG EPIPHYTES IN THE ORCHID SUBTRIBE ONCIDIINAE
331
ADAPTATION CLADOGENESIS AND THE EVOLUTION OF HABITAT ASSOCIATION IN NORTH AMERICAN TIGER BEETLES A PHYLOG...
353
RAPID RADIATIONS
375
HOW FAST IS SPECIATION? MOLECULAR GEOLOGICAL AND PHYLOGENETIC EVIDENCE FROM ADAPTIVE RADIATIONS OF FISHES
585
INDEX
611
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