Inventing Intelligence: How America Came to Worship IQ

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ABC-CLIO, Jun 6, 2012 - Psychology - 197 pages
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Most of us assume that people in every period and in every region of the world have understood and valued intelligence in the same way we do today. Our modern concept of intelligence, however, is actually quite recent, emerging from the dramatic social and scientific changes that rocked the United States during the 19th century.

Inventing Intelligence: How America Came to Worship IQ discusses the historical context for understanding the development of the concept of intelligence and the tests used to measure it. The author delves into the intertwined issues of IQ, heredity, and merit to offer a provocative look at how Americans came to overvalue IQ and the personal and social problems that have resulted.

 

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Contents

1 Worshipping at the Altar of IQ
1
The Colonial Experience
15
Intellect Intelligence and the Science of Man
27
4 Merit and Social Status in NineteenthCentury America
41
A Precursor to IQ Testing
55
6 Intelligence and Its Measurement
65
7 IQ Testing Social Control and Merit
79
8 Democratic Ideology and IQ Testing
93
The More Things Change the More They Stay the Same
105
10 Toward a Broader Conception of Intelligence
121
11 Toward a More Balanced Perspective on Heredity and IQ
135
12 Toward a More Equitable Conception of Merit
147
Notes
159
Index
191
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About the author (2012)

Elaine E. Castles, PhD, is a licensed psychologist and the author of "We're People First": The Social and Emotional Lives of Individuals with Mental Retardation.

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