Homer: Odyssey Books XIX and XX, Book 19
The Odyssey, besides being one of the world's first adventure stories, is a poem of great subtlety, rich in irony and sophisticated characterization. The poet's art is amply illustrated by books XIX and XX, in which Odysseus, disguised as a beggar, spends the night in his own palace and lays plans for his awesome revenge. Particularly memorable is the episode in which Penelope converses with her husband without suspecting his identity. In this edition, Richard Rutherford provides not only detailed comment on the action, characterization, and style of the books in question, but also, in an extensive introduction, a general survey of the Odyssey as a whole, laying special emphasis on the qualities of the second half of the poem. He also attempts to contribute to the literary criticism of the poem on a verbal level, by considering the poet's use of formulae, rhetorical technique, and similes. This volume is intended for readers of the Odyssey at all stages. The commentary gives extensive linguistic guidance for beginners; and the introduction, in which all Greek is translated, is intended to be accessible to any readers interested in Homer as a poet.
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b The second half of the Odyssey
b Odysseus in the Odyssey
b Penelope in book 18
c Penelope and Odysseus in book 19
Transmission and technique
Metre grammar and text
c Note on the text
OMHPOY O𝚫Y𝚺𝚺EIA𝚺 T
OMHPOY O𝚫Y𝚺𝚺EIA𝚺 Y
Achilles Aesch Agamemnon ancient Antinous aorist Athene Athene's auTap beggar book 19 book 23 Burkert caesura character commentary Companion compared contrast Crete Ctesippus death deception described disguised divine dream E. R. Dodds earlier emotional epic epies episode ETrEI Eumaeus Eurycleia Eurymachus example Eyco father Fenik formulaic further gifts gods Greek Hermes hero heroic Hesiod Homeric hymn Homeric poems husband Idomeneus Iliad Introd irony Ithaca king Laertes later means Melanthius Menelaus narrated narrative Nausicaa normally Odys Odysseus OIKCOI oral OSuaaEUS Oxford parallel passage Penelope Penelope's perhaps Phaeacians Philoetius phrase poet poet's poetic poetry question recognised reference scene Scheria scholia seems sense similar simile sing speech story suitors syllable tale TCOI Telemachus theme Theoclymenus tion tradition TrEp TroAAd Troy verb vowel Wace and Stubbings wife words Zeus