New Directions in Psychological Anthropology
Cambridge University Press, 1992 - Psychology - 352 pages
The field of psychological anthropology has changed a great deal since the 1940s and 1950s, when it was often known as 'Culture and Personality Studies'. Rooted in psychoanalytic psychology, its early practitioners sought to extend that psychology through the study of cross-cultural variation in personality and child-rearing practices. Psychological anthropology has since developed in a number of new directions. Tensions between individual experience and collective meanings remain as central to the field as they were fifty years ago, but, alongside fresh versions of the psychoanalytic approach, other approaches to the study of cognition, emotion, the body, and the very nature of subjectivity have been introduced. And in the place of an earlier tendency to treat a 'culture' as an undifferentiated whole, psychological anthropology now recognizes the complex internal structure of cultures. The contributors to this state-of-the-art collection are all leading figures in contemporary psychological anthropology, and they write abour recent developments in the field. Sections of the book discuss cognition, developmental psychology, biology, psychiatry, and psychoanalysis, areas that have always been integral to psychological anthropology but which are now being transformed by new perspectives on the body, meaning, agency and communicative practice.
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adaptationist American analysis anger anthropo anxiety disorders approach argued aspects behavior biological Boas Cambridge University Press chapter Chicago child clinical cognitive anthropology complex concept conflict construction context Crapanzano critical cross-cultural Cultural Models Cultural Psychology culture and personality D'Andrade developmental discourse discussion effects emergent emotion enculturative environment ethnographic ethnopsychology Ethos evolutionary example experience forms Freud function Geertz Herdt Holland human development hunger Ilongot individual interaction interpretation Kleinman language socialization learning life-history theory linguistic Lutz meaning Medical Anthropology mental metaphor metapragmatic mind Models in Language motivation Naomi Quinn narrative nervos neurosis Oedipus complex organization panic disorder parental particular perspective phenotypic physical problems processes psychiatry psycho psychoanalysis psychological anthropology psychopathology Quinn relations relationship role Rosaldo Sara Harkness schema theory Scheper-Hughes schizophrenia sexual Shweder situations society Sociobiology sociocultural Spiro strategies structure suggest symbolic symptoms tion traditional understanding Western Whiting York