The Natural and the Supernatural in the Middle Ages
How did people of the medieval period explain physical phenomena, such as eclipses or the distribution of land and water on the globe? What creatures did they think they might encounter: angels, devils, witches, dogheaded people? This fascinating book explores the ways in which medieval people categorized the world, concentrating on the division between the natural and the supernatural and showing how the idea of the supernatural came to be invented in the Middle Ages. Robert Bartlett examines how theologians and others sought to draw lines between the natural, the miraculous, the marvelous and the monstrous, and the many conceptual problems they encountered as they did so. The final chapter explores the extraordinary thought-world of Roger Bacon as a case study exemplifying these issues. By recovering the mentalities of medieval writers and thinkers the book raises the critical question of how we deal with beliefs we no longer share.
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angels animal Antichrist Aristotle Aristotle’s autem believe Brewer Bridges Burke canon causes chapter Christian Corpus Christianorum creatures Crusade Dante debate deﬁned deﬁnition demons devil discussion dog-heads dry land early earth edition enclosed in ﬂesh English enim example explain ﬁeri ﬁnd ﬁre ﬁrst ﬂy Franciscan harmful magic human ibid idea Isidore Islam Latin Lynn Thorndike Macrobius magicians Manegold medieval period Middle Ages miracles Mittelalters modern monsters Monumenta Germaniae Historica moon Muslim natural naturalis Opera omnia Opus maius Opus tertium ordeal Oxford Paris Patrologia latina Peter Lombard philosopher physical pope quae quam quia quod Ratramnus rerum Roger Bacon says scholars Scholastic scientiﬁc secundum signiﬁcant solar eclipse sphere St Christopher striga sunt supernatural terra theory things thinkers thirteenth century Thomas Aquinas tion translation trial by ordeal universe vols William of Auvergne William of Rubruck witch witchcraft word writes