Japanese Language: Learn the Fascinating History and Evolution of the Language Along With Many Useful Japanese Grammar Points
This is a book about the structure, history and evolution of the Japanese language.
The Japanese Language is a classic study of one of the world's most widely used but least understood languages. Emphasizing the richness and complexity of Japanese as well as its limitations, this fine book provides a lively discussion about the uniqueness of the Japanese language.
The relationship of Japanese to other languages is not well understood even by native speakers, and Professor Kindaichi sets out to define it. He concludes that Japanese is indeed only remotely related to other world languages although it shares many features in common with the languages of mainland Asia. Japanese shares with those languages a rich and detailed vocabulary for natural phenomena and an unusually complex and accurate way of expressing social relationships. Moreover, its capability to absorb innovations from abroad easily matches or exceeds that of English or German. The author, after briefly discussing the unique isolation of the Japanese language, moves on to consider the varieties of ordinary speech—dialects, jargon, sex—and role-based distinctions, and the difference between informal, formal, and literary language. He then examines the structure of Japanese pronunciations, its rhythm, and accent. The longest section of the book is devoted to the variety of the vocabulary, what can and cannot be said in Japanese.
Readers who are just beginning their own study of Japanese will find this section especially fascinating, for each point is backed by examples from literature and everyday speech. Kindaichi also investigates the so-called vagueness of Japanese and traces it to its source–the unusual sentence order. This book includes:
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Contact with Other Languages 18
Regional Differences 33
Differences by Status and Sex 45
The Syllable 65
The Phonemes 69
Human Biology and Emotions 128
Abstract Ideas 153
Sentence Types 172
Word and Phrase Arrangement 183
Word and Phrase Combination 196
Terse Expressions 214
Supplementary Notes 222
The Cultural Index 112
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According adjectives Ainu Altaic languages American ancient Japanese Asahi Shimbun bloom called characteristic of Japanese Chinese character words consonants desu dialects dictionary differentiation distinction Edo period English European languages example existence expressions feeling Footnotes foreign Fuji Gengo Seikatsu Genji Monogatari German grammar haiku hana haru Heian period hito honorific ISBN Izui Hisanosuke Japan Japanese language Japanese sentence Japanese translation Japanese word Jespersen kana kanji Kenky Kokugo Korean koto Kotoba ky ky linguist literally literary loanwords Mario Pei meaning Meiji period Minami Hiroshi mono mountain names nature Nihon Nihongo Nihonjin niwa noun offcial one’s original particle people’s person phoneme pitch accent poem poet polite form pronounced pronunciation rain saite saku Sakuma scholar sound speak speech spoken style suffx suru syllable Terada Torahiko things tokoro vocabulary vowels waka word order words and phrases words related write written Yamato words