William Stukeley: Science, Religion, and Archaeology in Eighteenth-century England

Front Cover
Boydell & Brewer Ltd, 2002 - History - 290 pages
Dr William Stukeley (1687-1765) was the most renowned English antiquary of the eighteenth century. This study discusses his life and achievements, placing him firmly within his intellectual milieu, which he shared with his illustrious friend Isaac Newton and with other natural philosophers, theologians and historians. Stukeley's greatest memorial was his work on the stone circles of Stonehenge and Avebury: at a time when most historians believed they were Roman or medieval monuments, he proved that they were of much greater antiquity, and his influence on subsequent interpretations of these monuments and their builders was enormous. For Stukeley, these stone circles - the work of "Celtic Druids", were a link in the chain that connected the pristine religion of Adam and Noah with the modern Anglican Church. Historians today belittle such speculations, but Stukeley shared his vision of lost religious and scientific knowledge with many of the great minds of his day; this account shows how throughout his distinguished career his antiquarian researches fortified his response to Enlightenment irreligion and the threat he believed it posed to science and society. DAVID BOYD HAYCOCK is a Junior Research Fellow at Wolfson College, Oxford.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Gulielmus Stukeley M D ii
8
The Book of Nature
11
Soe Suitable to my Genius
30
The Microcosm
54
The Macrocosm
75
A section of the globe of the earth upon the Equator
85
The Curious Itinerary
109
A section of a Roman road near Stanford
134
The LongLost Truth
136
Much Greater Than Commonly Imagined
160
The antient Symbols of the deity
210
A Truely to be Respected Learned Man
217
The orthographical section of Stonehenge upon the Cross diameter
218
These Learned Lives
237
Bibliography
263

A Prospect of the Cursus Stonehenge
121
The Groundplot of the Brittish Temple now the town of Aubury
122
A direct View of Stonehenge from the union of the two Avenues
123

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