Impacts of border enforcement on Mexican migration: the view from sending communities
Center for Comparative Immigration Studies, 2007 - History - 175 pages
This important new book reveals how the stricter US border-control activities of the past decade have affected the behavior of migrants and potential migrants in rural Mexico.The authors establish direct links between changes in immigration-control policies and changes in the decision to migrate, choice of destination, mode of entry, and inclination to participate in a temporary worker program. They also point to the unintended consequences of new control measures: e.g., the increasing rate of settlement among illegal migrants, higher fees paid to professional people-smugglers, increased injury and fatality rates due to clandestine entry, and changing composition of migrant flows. Collectively, they present detailed and direct evidence of the failure of post-1993 US strategy to deter unauthorized entry across the US-Mexico border, and the reasons for this failure.Wayne A. Cornelius is Director of the Center for Comparative Immigration Studies, Distinguished Professor of Political Science, and Gildred Professor of U.S.-Mexican Relations at the University of California, San Diego. Jessa M. Lewis a graduate of the M.A. program in Latin American Studies with Specialization in International Migration, at the University of California, San Diego. Her research has included a study of the links between migration and alternative market development in coffee-producing communities of Oaxaca and work on the private and social profitability of coffee production systems in Costa Rica?s central valley.CONTENTS: Introduction?W. A. Cornelius. Profiles of the Research Communities? Y. Barajas, J. Besada, E. Valdez-Suiter, and C. White. The Contemporary Migration Process?S. Gaytan, E. Lucio, F. Shaiq, and A. Urdanivia. Impacts of U.S . Immigration Policies on Migration Behavior?J. Fuentes, H. L?Esperance, R. Perez, and C. White. Settlement in the United States?H. Lopez, R. Oliphant, and E. Tejeda. Gender Differences in Migration? N. Rosas-Lopez, N. Pagaza , and E. Valdez-Suiter. Generational Differences in Migration?S. Aguilar, M. Cornejo, and L. M. Henriquez. Migration and Local Development?B. Cantu, F. Shaiq, and A. Urdanivia. Migration and Political Involvement?W. Chiu and M. Gutierrez.
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Proﬁles of the Research Community
The Contemporary Migration Process
Impacts of U S Immigration Policies
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agricultural Animas Animeﬁos border enforcement Border Patrol bracero program Califomia California Comelius construction Cornelius coyote crossing the border cruzar la frontera Cuál documented migrants economic EE UU EE.UU ejidatarios ejido employers employment entry experienced migrants factors family reunification female migrants Gender grants home community hometowns Ialisco illegal impacts income increased intent to migrate interviewed IRCA labor living male migrants Massey mented migrants Mexican Migration Mexican politics Mexico Migrant Cohort migrant from Tlacuitapa migrants reported migrate in 2005 migration experience NAFTA nonmigrants papeles people-smugglers percent of undocumented piensa planning to migrate policies potential first-time pueblo recent remittances research communities residents respondents retum rural San Diego sector settlement Shaiq significant social networks survey temporada tion Tlacuitapeﬁos Toribio Romo González towns trabajo trip U.S. citizens U.S. Immigration U.S.-based migrants U.S.-Mexico border unauthorized migrants undocumented migrants United Urdanivia Valdez-Suiter vote wages women workers Zacatecas