Psychology: A Very Short Introduction
Psychology is part of everyone's experience: it influences the way we think about everything from education and intelligence, to relationships and emotions, advertising and criminality. People readily behave as amateur psychologists, offering explanations for what people think, feel, and do. But what exactly are psychologists trying to do? What scientific grounding do they have for their approach? This Very Short Introduction explores some of psychology's leading ideas and their practical relevance. In this new edition, Gillian Butler and Freda McManus explore a variety of new topics and ways of studying the brain. Until recently it was not possible to study the living human brain directly, so psychologists studied our behaviour, and used their observations to derive hypotheses about what was going on inside. Now - through neuroscience - our knowledge of the workings of the brain has increased and improved technology provides us with a scientific basis on which to understand the structure and workings of the brain, and allows brain activity to be observed and measured. Exploring some of the most important advances and developments in psychology - from evolutionary psychology and issues surrounding adolescence and aggression to cognitive psychology - this is a stimulating introduction for anyone interested in understanding the human mind. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
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What is psychology? How do you study it?
What gets into our minds? Perception
What stays in the mind? Learning and memory
How do we use what is in the mind? Thinking reasoning and communicating
Why do we do what we do? Motivation and emotion
Is there a set pattern? Developmental psychology
Can we categorize people? Individual differences
What happens when things go wrong? Abnormal psychology
How do we influence each other? Social psychology
What is psychology for?
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9-dot problem AdjP AMERICAN ANAERICAN Andrew ANGLO-SAXON AGE anxiety ARCHAEOLOGY Attachment in monkeys Barry Cunliffe Bartlett behaviour brains of London Butler and Freda child’s Christopher cognitive science contributing to cognitive Damien Keown David Cottington devil’s tuning fork domino illusion dopamine neurons ENGINEERING David Eric example experience Fields contributing Frank Close Freda McManu GERNAAN Ghosts Gillian Butler GLOBAL guy conditioned HISTORY John intelligence Internet Jonathan Culler Julia Annas Klaus Dodds LAT|N LAW Raymond Wack LITERATURE Malise Ruthven Manfred Steger Mark Maslin Matthew MEDIEVAL BRITAIN mental Michael Howard Mistook His Wife MODERN monkey doesn’t know MUSIC Necker cube Nicholas Nick Middleton normal NTERNATIONAL OWen Davies Paul Peter Singer Philip Ball POLITICS press the bar psychology 12 Rattansi reality Revolution reward causes Reward signalling Richard Robert Roger Scruton Rubin’s vase senses signalling by dopamine Simon Siracusa Stephen Mumford substitute mothers Timothy viewing conditions visual William Doyle William James Woollett